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    Froben's Greek Edition of Hippocrates

    Hippocrates. [Greek Title]. Hippocratis Coi Medici vetustissimi, et omnium aliorum proncipis, libri omnes, ad vetustos Codices summon studio collate & restaurati. Basileae: Froben, 1538. Text in Greek. Folio. [8], 1-66, 69-124, 133-134, 137-212, 215-318, 325-388, 391-562, [2] pages. Lacking twenty-three pages. Page 19 misnumbered 21, 114 misnumbered 100, and 330 misnumbered 326. Froben printer's device on title page and last page. Blind stamped leather covers damaged and detached from text block, exposing fourteen older rubricated pages in both the front and rear of the binding, also stained and damaged; front free end paper loose, holograph annotations on verso of rear free end paper, pastedowns lacking; holes and trails from biopredation in lower margins not affecting text, biopredation to last two leaves, occasional tears and creases, soiling, minor dampstains, few holograph pen annotations in the margins. A poor copy of an important early translation.
    Please visit HA.com/6117 for an extended description of this lot.


    More Information:

    "What we call the 'Hippocratic collection' is a large corpus of works from the medical school of Cos, the majority of which date from the last decades of the fifth century B.C. and the first half of the fourth. Although none of the seventy-odd works in this collection can be attributed with certainty to Hippocrates, the writings retain their historical significance as the earliest extant sources of Western medical thought and practice. The school identified with Hippocrates established an empirical system of medicine based upon observation and clinical experience, advancing medicine beyond the influences of magic and priestrcraft." [Norman Cat.]

    "Only a few texts attributed to Hippocrates were known in the Middle Ages. The project of preparing a complete Latin edition of the Hippocratic corpus was undertaken in the early sixteenth century by Marco Fabio Calvo (died c 1527) of Ravenna. A friend of Raphael, Calvo had translated Vitruvius into Italian for the use of the artist, and prepared the first archaeological mapping of ancient Rome. In preparation for his work on Hippocrates, Calvo collated and wrote out his own manuscript of the Greek text, depending primarily on a fourteenth-century manuscript then in his possession but also consulting a 12th-century codex that is one of the oldest and most important Hippocratic manuscripts. Calvo's Greek text was completed in Rome on 24 July 1512, and he finished the Latin translation on 14 August 1515... Calvo's Latin translation was printed in Rome in 1525 by the bookseller and printer Francesco Calvo... Calvo's Greek text was never published, instead the Aldine Press printed the Hippocratic corpus in Greek in 1526..." [Sotheby's Richard Green Library, 2008.]

    "The first edition was published in Rome in 1525: it was the first complete printed edition of the Hippocratic Collection, but it contains only the Latin translation attributed to Marcus Fabius Calvius from Ravenna. The Aldine edition, published in Venezia the following year, under the responsibility of Jean-Francois d'Asola, makes up the "princeps" Greek edition. A dozen years later [1538], Jérôme Froben, a printer from Basel (1501-1563) publishes a revised edition of the Aldine edition, including corrections from Janus Cornarius (ca. 1500-1558), using three new manuscripts left to his disposal by the printer." [Monfort, Marie-Laure. "First printed editions of the Hippocratic Collection at the Bibliothèque Interuniversitaire de Médecine of Paris." BIU Santé. Web. 23 Jan. 2015.]

    Adams H567. Printing and the Mind of Man 55. Grolier, Medicine 1A. Heirs of Hippocrates 10. Durling/NLM 2320. Norman 1076. Osler 149. Stillwell Science 406 & 657. Waller 4495.



    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    April, 2015
    8th-9th Wednesday-Thursday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 1
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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