Description

    1933-37 "Who's Who" in the Federal Government. An amazing museum quality collection of "New Deal" signatures.

    Franklin D. Roosevelt: His Cabinet, the Congress, the Senate, and the Supreme Court, Signatures on Three Documents.
    An absolutely unique collection of significant historical value consisting of three documents, described as follows:
    -First Document, printing at the top reads, "1st/ Re-Elect/ Franklin D. Roosevelt for President Club/ United States Senate members who passed the New Deal Laws - 1933/ A Club promoted throughout the United States/ to re-elect President Roosevelt in 1936/ 'He brought us out of the depression/ the Benefactor of Mankind.'" Beneath, in two neat columns are the signatures of seventy-four U.S. Senators, many of whom have added the state they serve. Included are the following: Vice President John Nance Garner (as President of the Senate), Senators Joseph T. Robinson from Arkansas, Majority Leader, (future President) Harry S. Truman from Missouri, Bennett Champ Clark from Missouri, Huey P. Long from Louisiana (whose signature appears along with his successor in the Senate after his assassination, Allen J. Ellender), David I. Walsh from Massachusetts, (future Supreme Court Justice) Hugo Black from Alabama, Marcus A. Coolidge from Massachusetts, Carter Glass from Virginia, Harry F. Byrd from Virginia, Burton K. Wheeler from Montana, James F. Byrnes from South Carolina, Robert F. Wagner from New York, Royal S. Copeland from New York, Claude Pepper from Florida, Richard B. Russell from Georgia, (future Vice President) Alben W. Barkley from Kentucky, William Gibbs McAdoo from California, Thomas Connally from Texas, Theodore F. Green from Rhode Island, Millard E. Tydings from Maryland, George W. Norris from Nebraska, Patrick A. McCarran from Nevada, Key Pittman from Nevada, and Pat Harrison from Mississippi. Also signing are the secretary of the senate and the sergeant-at-arms. Inexplicably, a very faded (or possibly erased) signature of Lyndon B. Johnson can be seen at the right margin. Since this was before his days in the senate, he must have signed this at a later date. Another odd, but interesting, feature is the signature of Claude Pepper who has erased and signed over the original signature of Florida Senator Park Trammell. Pepper had lost a "rigged" vote to Trammell in 1934 and, when he finally made it to the senate in 1936, he took some measure of revenge by expunging Trammell's signature from the document, replacing it with his own.

    Following directly below the Senators' signatures is the label "The Cabinet" and in three columns are contained the original signatures of all ten cabinet members in the Roosevelt Administration during the mid 1930s: Cordell Hull, Secretary of State; Frances Perkins, Secretary of Labor (and the first female Cabinet member in American history); Harold L. Ickes, Secretary of the Interior; James A. Farley, Postmaster General; Claude A. Swanson, Secretary of the Navy; Harry H. Woodring, Secretary of War; Homer S. Cummings, Attorney General; Daniel C. Roper, Secretary of Commerce; Henry A. Wallace, Secretary of Agriculture; and Henry Morgenthau, Jr., Secretary of the Treasury. Below the cabinet signatures, centered at the bottom of this large sheet full of signatures, is the bold signature of Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the United States of America.

    -Second Document, printing at the top reads, "1st/ Re-Elect/ Franklin D. Roosevelt for President Club/ House of Representative members who passed the New Deal Laws - 1933/ A Club promoted throughout the United States/ to re-elect President Roosevelt in 1936/ 'He brought us out of the depression/ the Benefactor of Mankind.'" Beneath, in four columns are the signatures of two hundred-fifteen U.S. Congressmen, many of whom have added the state they serve. Included are the following: Henry T. Rainey, Speaker of the House; John McCormack from Massachusetts; William B. Bankhead from Alabama; Joseph W. Byrns from Tennessee (signed as Majority Leader); Samuel T. Rayburn from Texas; Arthur H. Greenwood from Indiana (signed as Majority Whip); John D. Dingell from Michigan; Will Rogers from Oklahoma (not the humorist), (future Treasury Secretary and Chief Supreme Court Justice) Frederick M. Vinson from Kentucky, and Martin Dies Jr. from Texas, the founder of the House Un-American Activities Committee (Dies Committee).

    The above two documents are beautifully and archivally double matted side-by-side and framed in gold leaf to a massive 48" x 39" overall.

    -Third Document, printing at the top reads, "The Supreme Court of the/ United States/ During President Roosevelt's Administration/ This Court outlawed many New Deal laws and produced the famous controversy between the President and the Tribunal." Directly below this description, which in all probability was added after the Supreme Court Justices' signatures were obtained, is the centered signature of Charles Evans Hughes, Chief Justice of the United States. Below Justice Hughes' signature are the signatures of the other eight Associate Justices of the Supreme Court contained in two columns: Willis van Devanter, Louis D. Brandeis, Pierce Butler, Owen J. Roberts, James C. McReynolds, George Sutherland, Harlan Fiske Stone, and Benjamin N. Cardozo. Below the Justices' signatures is the signature of the Clerk of the United States Supreme Court.

    This document, along with a B&W photo of this court is matted and framed to match the other to an overall size of 19" x 28". Included with this lot are additional display and background material.

    A truly one of a kind, totally unique, all-encompassing, and greatly historic set of original documents obtained during the height of the New Deal. There is nothing like it in any museum or collection. Already framed to Smithsonian standards, these documents are ready for the wall of that or any other fine museum, institution, or private collection.


    More Information:

    The extended description below was supplied by the consignor. We are making it available to our web bidders who are interested in more in-depth research and broader historical perspective. Please note that presentation (i.e. framing), lot divisions, and interpretations of condition and content may occasionally differ from our descriptions. Assertions of fact and subjective observations contained in this description represent the opinion of the consignor. These remarks have not been checked for accuracy by Heritage Auctions, and we assume no responsibility for their accuracy; they are offered purely to allow the bidder insight into the way the consignor has viewed the item(s) in question. No right of return or claim of lack of authenticity or provenance based upon this extended description will be granted.

     

    A collection of significant historic value, the Federal Government of the United States of America in all three branches in the time of the New Deal and FDR's re-election as President in 1936. This truly one of a kind primary document collection must be seen to be truly appreciated. There are three major documents to this collection, each with accompanying matting and backboard, plus two additional ancillary items. The United States Senate and House of Representatives documents have been matted and framed in gold leaf to Smithsonian standards as one large document measuring an astonishing 39 x 48." The two pieces themselves measure 21 x 31½" and each were originally accompanied by matted backboard. The backboard of the first piece features original black and white glossy photographs of FDR and John Nance Garner, FDR's Vice President. The Garner photograph is also signed by JNG. The first document reads: "1st/ Re-Elect/ Franklin D. Roosevelt for President Club/ A Club promoted throughout the United States/ to re-elect President Roosevelt in 1936/ ‘He brought us out of the depression/ the Benefactor of Mankind.'" Below this introductory section is the label "United States Senators" and in two columns that follow are contained the original signatures of the Senators, most signatures also have the individual Senators noting the states from which they come. Most of the members of the world's greatest deliberative body, the United States Senate, sign this document, including Vice President John Nance Garner (as President of the Senate), Senators Joseph T. Robinson from Arkansas, Majority Leader, Harry S. Truman from Missouri, Bennett Champ Clark from Missouri, Huey P. Long from Louisiana (whose signature appears along with his successor in the Senate after his assassination, Allen J. Ellender), David I. Walsh from Massachusetts, Marcus A. Coolidge from Massachusetts, Carter Glass from Virginia, Harry F. Byrd from Virginia, Burton K. Wheeler from Montana, James F. Byrnes from South Carolina, Robert F. Wagner from New York, Royal S. Copeland from New York, Claude Pepper from Florida, Richard B. Russell from Georgia, Alben W. Barkley from Kentucky, William Gibbs McAdoo from California, Thomas Connally from Texas, Theodore F. Green from Rhode Island, Millard E. Tydings from Maryland, George W. Norris from Nebraska, Patrick A. McCarran from Nevada, Key Pittman from Nevada, Pat Harrison from Mississippi, and most of the other members of the United States Senate, for a total of seventy four original signatures of United States Senators on one document, in addition to the signatures of the Vice President of the United States, Secretary of the Senate, and the Senate's Sergeant-at-Arms. Absolutely fabulous as an addition to this historic document is the somewhat faded signature of Lyndon B. Johnson, who was a member of the United States House of Representatives in the 1930s, so apparently LBJ signed this document later in its history, perhaps when he himself became a United States Senator and Senate Majority Leader in the years that followed. Interestingly, LBJ's signature is adjacent to the signature of the then-Senate Majority Leader, Joseph T. Robinson from Arkansas. Perhaps LBJ signed this document even later when he was Vice President or President of the United States. After careful study and review of this document, another seeming mystery's solution can only be the subject of conjecture. Interestingly enough, on the original large document of Senators' signatures in the bottom right hand column Senator Claude Pepper from Florida boldly signs his name. On an original black and white photograph of this piece from 1937 (described in detail below) the signature appearing where Pepper's signature now appears was that of Florida Senator Park Trammell. Pepper had challenged Trammell in the 1934 Democratic Senate primary in Florida. In the days of one-party politics, nomination in the Democratic primary was tantamount to election. To the surprise of nearly everyone, Pepper came within 4,000 votes of winning, and the election was decided by the corrupt machine politics of Hillsborough County, Florida. It was widely recognized in political circles that the election had been stolen from Pepper by Trammell. Pepper's standing within Democratic Party circles improved when, for the sake of party unity, he did not protest the outcome. In 1936, a highly unusual turn of events propelled Pepper into the United States Senate without opposition. Senator Trammell died and Pepper immediately announced his candidacy for the vacant seat in what quickly became a crowded field of hopefuls, including former Governor Carlton. A few weeks later, the state's senior senator, Duncan U. Fletcher (whose signature appears on this document), also died. Pepper deftly switched races, and no one challenged him for Fletcher's seat. It is my opinion that having won election to the United States Senate in 1936, Pepper came across this document, spotted the signature of the recently departed Senator Trammell, who Pepper considered to have earlier fraudulently signed this document since he, and not Trammell, should have won election as Florida's Senator in 1934,and he took his revenge upon Trammell by expunging Trammell's name from this historic document and signing his own name directly over where Trammell's signature once appeared. Close inspection of the original document reveals that indeed Trammell's signature has been neatly erased, light elements of Trammell's original signature remain, with Pepper's signature boldly penned over the original signature. A truly fascinating possibility. Regardless of Senator Pepper's intentions, clearly it is his signature and not Senator Trammell's that now appears on the original document, along with the signature of Senator Duncan U. Fletcher, the man who Pepper replaced in the United States Senate. Below the Senators' signatures is the signature of the Sergeant-at-Arms of the United States Senate as well as the Secretary of the United States Senate. Following directly below the Senators' signatures is the label "The Cabinet" and in three columns are contained the original signatures of all ten Cabinet members in the Roosevelt Administration during the mid 1930s: Cordell Hull, Secretary of State, Frances Perkins, Secretary of Labor (and the first female Cabinet member in American history), Harold L. Ickes, Secretary of the Interior, James A. Farley, Postmaster General, Claude A. Swanson, Secretary of the Navy, Harry H. Woodring, Secretary of War (Harry H. Woodring replaced George H. Dern upon his death in 1936), Homer S. Cummings, Attorney General, Daniel C. Roper, Secretary of Commerce, Henry A. Wallace, Secretary of Agriculture, and Henry Morgenthau, Jr., Secretary of the Treasury (Henry Morgenthau, Jr. replaced William H. Woodin in 1934 after his resignation in 1933 for health reasons). Below the Cabinet signatures, centered at the bottom of this large sheet full of signatures, is the bold signature of Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the United States of America! The original backboard of the second piece features an original black and white glossy photograph of Henry T. Rainey, Speaker of the House of Representatives in 1933-1934, indicating that this incredible signature project encompassing all three branches of the Federal Government was initiated well before the 1936 re-election campaign. Rainey's successors as Speaker of the House during the time span encompassed in this mammoth signature collection were Joseph W. Byrns (1935-1936) and William B. Bankhead (1936-1940), both of whom also sign this document, the former as then-Majority Leader of the House of Representatives, and the latter as a United States Representative from Alabama. The time and effort taken to compile such a roster of American leaders in all three branches of the Federal Government are also attested by the fact that both President Lyndon B. Johnson and the "Kingfish," Senator Huey P. Long of Louisiana, who was assassinated in 1935, also signed the first document. The second document reads: "1st/ Re-Elect/ Franklin D. Roosevelt for President Club/ A Club promoted throughout the United States/ to re-elect President Roosevelt in 1936/ ‘He brought us out of the depression/ the Benefactor of Mankind.'" Below this introductory section is the label "United States Representatives" and in four columns that follow are contained the original signatures of the Congressmen, most signatures also have the individual Congressmen noting the districts and states from which they come. Most of the members of the United States House of Representatives sign this document, including Henry T. Rainey, Speaker of the House, John McCormack from Massachusetts, William B. Bankhead from Alabama, Joseph W. Byrns from Tennessee (signed as Majority Leader), Samuel T. Rayburn from Texas, Arthur H. Greenwood from Indiana (signed as Majority Whip), John D. Dingell from Michigan, Will Rogers from Oklahoma (the other Will Rogers), Frederick M. Vinson from Kentucky, later the United States Secretary of the Treasury and Chief Justice of the United States, Martin Dies from Texas, the founder of the House Un-American Activities Committee, and most of the other members of the United States House of Representatives, for a total of two hundred fifteen original signatures of United States Representatives on one document. The backboard of the third piece features an original black and white glossy photograph of the Supreme Court of the United States, with an 11 x 11" document with the original signatures of all the members of the Supreme Court. The third document reads: "The Supreme Court of the/ United States/ During President Roosevelt's Administration/ This Court outlawed many New Deal laws and produced the famous controversy between the President and the Tribunal." Directly below this description, which in all probability was added after the Supreme Court Justices' signatures were obtained, is the centered signature of Charles Evans Hughes, Chief Justice of the United States. Below Justice Hughes' signature are the signatures of the other eight Associate Justices of the Supreme Court contained in two columns: Willis van Devanter, Louis D. Brandeis, Pierce Butler, Owen J. Roberts, James C. McReynolds, George Sutherland, Harlan Fiske Stone, and Benjamin N. Cardozo. Below the Justices' signatures is the signature of the Clerk of the United States Supreme Court. Also accompanying these three fantastic pieces is a 17 x 21½" red, white, and blue colored reproduction of the entire collection for display purposes, with the United States Representatives document to the left, with the photograph of Speaker Rainey above the copy of the signatures, a large photograph and facsimile signature of FDR in the center, with the Supreme Court document and photograph below FDR's photograph, and the United States Senate and Cabinet, including the copy of FDR's signature, to the right, with the photograph of Vice President John Nance Garner above the copy of the signatures. Interestingly, the signature of former United States Senator Huey P. Long, clearly visible below the signature of Senator Carter Glass from Virginia on the original signed Senate document, is absent from this ensemble copy! Surrounding the copy of all signatures are the initials of the "alphabet soup" agencies which defined the New Deal. Above the signatures in white lettering on blue background it reads: "In the hands of those who signed this document rests the future of the American people." Below the signatures in blue lettering it reads: "Above are the signatures of the members of the House of Representatives, United States Senate, President, Cabinet, and the Supreme Court, who ruled the nation during its greatest economic and political crisis....While the Country rocked with uncertainty in the early days of 1933, Congress enacted the most revolutionary legislation ever placed upon the statute books...and the Republic emerged from the depression.... However, the Supreme Court declared many emergency laws unconstitutional, bringing the President in conflict with the Tribunal, which created the greatest political controversy since the signing of the Declaration of Independence. Copyright 1937/ All Rights Reserved/ By Byron W. Gilbert." An 8 x 10" black and white glossy photograph of these pieces, along with other FDR materials, shown in a large glass showcase display, with the etching "G.C. Murphy Co./ Wash. D.C." at the bottom of the photograph also accompanies this piece. On the verso of the photograph is the writing "Murphy Store/ Wash DC/ May June 1937." What more can be said of this fantastic set of documents, other than it is the original collection of signatures of the entire United States Federal Government, from the President of the United States, his Cabinet, the United States Senate, the United States House of Representatives, and the United States Supreme Court, during the height of the New Deal, and the historic 1936 landslide re-election of FDR as President of the United States. A truly one of a kind, totally unique, entirely encompassing, and greatly historic set of original documents, there is nothing like it in any museum of FDR, New Deal, or American history.



    Fees, Shipping, and Handling Description: Framed - without Glass, Medium (view shipping information)

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    Auction Dates
    June, 2008
    7th Saturday
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