Castro's notes for a speech, possibly given at the U.N., decrying U.S. actions in the wake of the Bay of Pigs.Fidel Castro Handwritten Manuscript. Two pages (front and back), 6" x 8.75", no place, no date. The notes are written in Spanish on a single piece of paper, with cross-outs and marginal notations, and read as follows: "Hiram of Lubrijón [not sure] The Revolutionary Government is very aware of the desperate efforts that is [illegible] the efforts that reflect in the last days [lined out on text] the open [lined out on text] activity that the imperialism has been realizing during the last weeks in order to promote at all cost [illegible] revolutionaries, terrorism acts, murder attempts and all type of fights that have a tendency to interfere with the revolutionary process [illegible]. That activity has been doubled after after [lined out on text] reports have been expressed to the ONU to the Prime Minister of the Government. It seems like they are worried within the Justice department of the United States Government, every time the anger and desperation increases, because of our solid activity and the victorious and uncontrollable development of our revolution that translates each time in a less dissimulated support of anti-revolutionaries, the war criminals and the worse [lined out on text and partly illegible] traitors, mercenaries of all type that [illegible] of service. Disembark between Moa and Baracoa [not sure] group of expatriates and gringos coming from [lined out on text] They left the United States. They are 27 in total Leader dead. One hurt and another prisoner [illegible lined out on text] quickly attacked combated [lined out on text] by the army forces and militia's farmers. [Next all lined out on text] The Ministry of the Arm Forces communicates the following: In the day of yesterday [illegible] communicates the headquarters of [illegible] Militia of the West."
In March of 1960, a French freighter unloading munitions from Belgium exploded in Havana taking 75 lives and injuring 200, some of who subsequently died. The U.S. denied Cuba's accusation of sabotage but admitted that it had sought to prevent the shipment. And so it went, reaching a high point in April of the following year in the infamous CIA-organized invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs. Over 100 exiles died in the attack. Close to 1,200 others were taken prisoner by the Cubans. It was later revealed that four American pilots flying for the CIA had lost their lives as well. The Bay of Pigs assault had relied heavily on the Cuban people rising up to join the invaders, but this was not to be the case. As it was, the leadership and ranks of the exile forces were riddled with former supporters and henchmen of Fulgencio Battista, the dictator overthrown by Castro, and would not have been welcomed back by the Cuban people under any circumstances. Despite the fact that the Kennedy administration was acutely embarrassed by the unmitigated defeat- indeed, because of it- a campaign of smaller-scale attacks upon Cuba was initiated almost immediately, under the rubric of Operation Mongoose. Throughout the 1960s, the Caribbean island was subjected to countless sea and air commando raids by exiles, at times accompanied by their CIA supervisors, inflicting damage upon oil refineries, chemical plants and railroad bridges, cane fields, sugar mills and sugar warehouses, infiltrating spies, saboteurs, and assassins, anything to damage the Cuban economy, promote disaffection, or make the revolution look bad.
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