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    [Revolutionary War] Autograph Muster Roll Document Signed "Luther Bailey". Two pages, 12.5" x 8.125", lined ledger sheet, Camp Crotens [Croton's] Bridge [New York], July 18, 1778, titled "Return of 1st Massachusetts Regiment of foot Commanded by Colo. John Bailey". This ledger sheet lists the disposition of the eight companies [to wit: Captains Maxwell, Darby, Allen (late), Burr, Drew, Warren (late), Alden, and Dunham] of the 1st Massachusetts Regiment, John Bailey commanding. Demarcated are the various types of officers - nineteen subcategories in addition to the "Rank & File," who are categorized by: "Present fit for Duty," "Sick Present," "Sick Absent," "On Command," and "On Furlow." The total present & fit force numbered 211 of 347 men enlisted, with 293 men "Wanting." In all the regiment was at less than 60% of full strength, not an uncommon situation. The thirteen absent officers are individually named, with their reasons and locations. For instance, Second Lieutenant [Simeon] Lord [of Berwick, ME] is on command at "Valley Forge," & Second Lieutenant Morton, & Ensigns Kelton & Stone are all sick at Valley Forge. First Lieutenant Eldred is "Prisoner" "with ye Enemy." On British paper with large Britannia watermark. Ink a bit light and a little rough at edges, one vertical fold, else fine. Included are printouts of portions of John and Luther Bailey's Revolutionary War service records showing their ranks, dates of commission, and regimental association.

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    This battalion had responded to the Lexington Alarm of April 19, 1775. On August 22, 1776, the British forces, led by General Sir William Howe, moved from their positions on Staten Island, New York across the Narrows to invade Long Island. They defeated the Americans in the Battle of Brooklyn Heights (August 27). The Americans retreated across the East River to Manhattan Island (August 29), followed by the British (September 15). The Americans were then able to stop the British advance on the north end of Manhattan at the Battle of Harlem Heights (September 16). One month later, Howe's troops landed in Westchester County, New York (October 12 and 18), and made a frontal attack on the American positions in White Plains (October 28). The attack failed, and the British withdrew to Dobbs Ferry. The British were later able to consolidate their hold on Manhattan by capturing Fort Washington (November 16), but Westchester remained in American hands.  The brutal winter of 1777-1778 found the regiment at Valley Forge.

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    Auction Dates
    February, 2010
    11th-12th Thursday-Friday
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