Description

    [Red Rovers]. February 1836 Document. Judge Patrick Usher has signed this document certifying that a local volunteer had lost his certificate for work issued to him by Captain Jack Shackelford, commander of the Alabama Red Rovers, a volunteer military company. One page, 8" x 13", n.p., February 16, 1836. The document is fragile and has some paper loss along folds (minor loss of text). Hinged at the top to a larger mat (10" x 20").

    Judge Usher certifies that "James Tumbinson of the Municipality of Gonzales . . . made oath that he has lost a Certificate given to him by Capt. Shackleford Commander of the Volunteer Corps of Red Rovers for five Days Services of himself Son and Wagon and team to Convey the Baggage of Said Volunteer Corps to Goliad and further made oath that the Certificate granted to him by the Said Shackleford specified the number of days which was five that he his son and his team was in the Service of the Provisional Government of Texas and as an agent of Said Government he the said Shackleford granted him the Certificate which is now Lost or mislaid."

    The outbreak of the Texas Revolution in 1835 brought the Texans support from the U.S., particularly from the South. Military units formed and headed for Texas bringing their own weapons and ammunition. One of these units was the Alabama Red Rovers, raised by Dr. Jack Shackelford of Courtland, Alabama. The ladies of Courtland sewed their homespun uniforms of fringed hunting shirts and matching trousers and dyed them a brick-red shade, from which the company's name was derived. The Red Rovers departed Alabama in December 1835 and joined the Texan garrison at Goliad in February 1836. Assigned by Colonel James Fannin to the Lafayette Battalion, they were involved in several scouting expeditions and skirmishes with Mexican advance forces. After repeatedly disregarding orders to evacuate the garrison, Fannin finally marched his troops out following news of the fall of the Alamo. However, his column was soon surrounded by a superior Mexican force and after bravely fighting a series of running actions, surrendered. After spending a week in captivity, approximately 400 Texans and American volunteers were executed by Mexican firing squads. Among the 100-odd men that survived via escape or clemency was Doctor Shackleford, who had rendered himself of great use in the care of the Mexican wounded. Judge Usher, who signed this document, later took part in the Mier Expedition. In the Black Bean Episode, he drew a white bean, but he died of starvation at Perote Prison.


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    Auction Dates
    October, 2010
    23rd Saturday
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