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    Large Archive of Late 19th - Early 20th Century Paper Items Relating to Cattle Raising and Trade in West Texas. This archive contains documents pertaining to cattle branding and various other aspects of the cattle trade in Texas in the late 19th century and early 20th century including railroad growth and Konowa Indian Territory. Many western counties did not begin brand registration until the 1870s or 1880s. By then letters, numerals, and even names were popular brands in Texas. Though such brands were easily read, others have to be seen. Among them are the "Hogeye," "Fishtail," "Milliron," "Buzzard on a rail," "Coon on a rail," "Saddle Pockets" or "Swinging blocks," "Quien sabe," "Grab-all," and countless others with intriguing names. Representations of such common subjects as an anvil, truck handle, hash knife, door key, bridle bit, spur, pitchfork, old woman, doll baby, broadax, boot, shoe, hat, rocking chair, frying pan, and so on were commonplace. A majority of the items come from the family of William Beddo who was a cattle rancher in Texas later settling in the Kowana Indian Territory. Not much can be found on Beddo but he did have a relation to Richard Coffey through business interactions. Highlights include: a letter from the Department of the Interior in Washington, DC. Dated July 3, 1888. The letter is addressed to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs regarding the claim of William Beddo of Palo, Pirrto County, Texas for "compensation for depredations allegedly to have been committed in 1871 by Siowas & Comanche Indians . . . Your findings are that the cattle and horses were the property of William Beddo, Buck Johnson and Richard Coffey, as joint owners of equal parts thereof; that Comanche Indians committed depredations thereon to the value of $24,720 which sum you recommend for allowance. . ." Richard Coffey was pioneer rancher, Indian fighter, and teamster in the lower Concho River valley. While residing there he served in the Texas Rangers and assisted Capt. Lawrence Sullivan Ross in the rescue of Cynthia Ann Parker. Sometime between 1865 and 1869 Coffey and his family moved to a location near the confluence of the Concho and Colorado rivers. He established the Flat Top Ranch, which extended into Runnels, Concho, and Coleman counties. His house was in Concho County. Reportedly, the Coffeys were the first white family to settle in that county. Coffey became a successful rancher but lost over 1,000 cattle and fifty-four horses to a band of Comanche Indians who attacked a group of Coffey's cattle drivers in 1871. When he filed a claim for his losses, the federal government refused to reimburse him. He rebuilt his herd but never achieved great wealth. He also acquired fame as a teamster and was often attacked by Indians. He and his employees transported salt in ox-drawn wagons from the Pecos River in Crane County for sale to his neighbors. Although he resided in Concho County, he also paid taxes in Coleman County and served on that county's first grand jury. Coffey was distinguished by his bearskin clothes, buffalo robe and cape, as well as his long hair, the husky Coffey was the inspiration for a minor character in John H. Gulp's novel Born of the Sun (1959). A deed signed between Crockett Rowan and the Houston & Texas Central Railway Company for $1920 to be paid to Rowan for land "situated in the County of Foard in the State of Texas on the waters of Eunis Creek a tributary of the Pease River about seven miles S47E from the center of the county." The deed was signed in 1891 but by 1890, Houston was recognized as the railroad center of Texas. The Port of Houston was opened to the world. During 1891, Houston started operating its first electric street cars, and the 12 railroads hauled increasing tonnages of freight into and out of the city each day. An 1881 signed deed signed by Governor of Texas, Oran Milo Roberts granted 640 acres of land to the Houston and Texas Central Railroad Company. The land was in Hardeman County. Multiple documents confirming the sale of several cattle and mules to W.A. Beddo. An agreement signed by Mrs S.J. Loftis, wife of Saul J. Loftis transferring land to L.T. Sammons of Maud O.T. land situated in the Seminole Nation, Indian Territory. Several bank statements for the Beddo family - portions of a 6 x 3.5 notebook with several notations of cattle brands for C.R. Ellington, E.Y. Brown, A.M. Waldrip, W.C. Warford, and W.H. Miller. A Warrant Deed with vendors Lien for J. Crockett Rowan to W.H. Beddo dated April 5, 1892. - Several bank checks from Konawa, Ind. territory written by Beddo in 1905. Now known as Konowa, Oklahoma. The archive contains forty-four twentieth century pieces, twenty-two nineteenth century pieces and fourteen undated items

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    Auction Dates
    November, 2013
    24th Sunday
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