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    Description

    Autograph Letter Signed regarding the Henry Lott Massacre in Homer, Iowa, 1854. Two pages, 7.5" x 9.5". Homer, Webster County, Iowa. April 22, 1854. In part: "I wrote to you from Fort Desmoines to direct your letters to Home, Boon Co. The name of the office is Homer, in Webster Co. I now prefer if you should wish to write to me that you would direct to Boonsboro, as I have made arrangements to have it forwarded to Fort Dodge - I presume you have heard before this that LOTT killed seven of the Sioux Indians and left the country it has alarmed some of the frontier settlers..." This letter talking about Lott killing the Sioux Indians, which started the Spirit Lake Massacre. Nice bold handwriting.

    In 1848, a band of Wapekutahs, led by Sidominadotah (Two Fingers), traced some stolen horses to the cabin of Henry Lott, who was living at the confluence of the Des Moines and Boone rivers. Lott and his 14-year old son, Milton, fled but became separated during their escape. The boy froze to death before his father could return with help.

    Lott struck back at the Indians in January of 1854. Finding Sidominadotah and his band camped on the Des Moines River about 30 miles north of Fort Dodge, Lott and his stepson attacked the camp, killing the chief and six of his relatives. Inkpadutah, Sidominadotah's younger brother, became the new leader of the band and vowed revenge. Lott and his stepson left Iowa for California. Incidents between the settlers and the Indians continued, culminating with the killing of a young Indian man accused of making lewd advances to a Mrs. Gillett, wife of one of the settlers in the area. Unable to find the Gilletts, who had wisely left the area, Inkpadutah's band turned their anger on the remaining settlers.

    On March 8, 1857, Inkpadutah and his band began attacking the scattered cabins of settlers in the vicinity of Spirit Lake and Lake Okoboji. The bloodshed also spread to the nearby town of Springfield, Minnesota. Thirty-eight settlers were slain, including James and Mary Mattock and their five children. A relief expedition from Fort Dodge, led by Major William Williams, buried the victims and made a futile attempt to track down the perpetrators of the massacre. Williams found enough bloody clothing and other evidence to conclude that 15 to 20 Indians had probably been either killed or wounded.

    Condition:
    Very fine, light creases in folds.


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    June, 2008
    13th Friday
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