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    "An act to incorporate the Brazos and Galveston Railroad Company"

    [Brazos and Galveston Railroad]. Newspaper article entitled: "An Act to Incorporate the Brazos and Galveston Rail Road Company" in Telegraph and Texas Register, Supplement to No. 135, May 1838. 4pp., double folio. Moderate age toning. Left margin a bit rough where disbound, else a fine copy. Preserved in a half green morocco folding box with marbled boards.

    The Brazos and Galveston Railroad Company, chartered May 24, 1838, was one of four railroads chartered by the Republic of Texas and one of the earliest railroad ventures west of the Mississippi. By decree the company was given the right to build turnpikes and railroads from the main channel of Galveston Bay to the Brazos River.

    As part of its charter, the Railroad had permission to use boats, vehicles, wagons, or carriages of any nature, and to improve bays, rivers, and harbors as part of its construction effort. Congress reserved the right to regulate the rates charged, being a maximum freight rate of 2½ cents a mile per 100 pounds. Men and munitions for the army and navy were to be transported free.

    In subsequent years, the company changed the originally planned route, and by September 1841, it had ceased work on a 1,260-foot span connecting San Luis Island to the mainland in favor of digging a canal that would connect the Bastrop and Buffalo bayous. Unfortunately, the project failed shortly thereafter.

    This item is important not only for transportation history and railroads in Texas, but also for the history of Texas printing. Issues of this historic newspaper are exceedingly rare and highly desirable.

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