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    [Broadside] Address of A. J. Hamilton to the People of Texas [1868]. One page, 18" x 22.5". Fragile, therefore, fair. Issued by Andrew Jackson Hamilton, (1815-1875) during his 1868 campaign for the Republican nomination for Governor of Texas. Hamilton's political career began in 1849, when Gov. Peter H. Bell appointed him acting attorney general. He also represented Travis County for a single term (1851-53) in the state House of Representatives. By the 1850s he had become a member of the "Opposition Clique" in Texas, a Democratic faction that opposed secession and other Southern extremist demands. In 1859 Hamilton won election to the United States Congress. He served on the House committee formed during the secession winter of 1860-61 to try to solve the sectional crisis. When he returned to Texas in the spring of 1861 he won a special election to the State Senate, and he remained in Austin until July 1862, when he fled to Mexico. In November 1862, he accepted a commission as brigadier general of volunteers and an appointment as military governor of Texas. His career during Reconstruction was stormy and frustrating. As provisional governor from the summer of 1865 to the summer of 1866, he pursued a program of trying to limit officeholders to former Unionists, ratifying the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, and granting economic and legal rights (although not the vote) to freedmen. When the Constitutional Convention of 1866 refused to enact most of Hamilton's suggestions, he rejected presidential Reconstruction and promoted the harsher program of the Radical Republicans. Hamilton played a leading role in the Texas Constitutional Convention of 1868-69 and served on the Republican National Executive Committee. His political views changed again, however; he once again came to favor a quick reconstruction of Texas. He opposed the Radicals' scheme for turning West Texas into a separate, Unionist state and withdrew his support for black suffrage. Hamilton became one of the state's leading moderate Republicans and ran against Radical Edmund J. Davis in the 1869 governor's race. Davis won, but Hamilton remained a vocal opponent of Radical policies.

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    Auction Dates
    June, 2008
    16th Monday
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