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    [Haymarket Affair]. Original Trial Transcript of The People of the State of Illinois vs. August Spies et al. Five hundred eighty-five pages, 8.25" x 12.75", Chicago, Illinois; June 16 to 21, 1886. An original typescript of the trial transcript from the prosecution of Chicago's Haymarket riot and bombing. Titled "The People of the State of Illinois vs. August Spies et al. – Indictment for Murder from the June term of the criminal court of Cook County 1886." It is primarily in question-and-answer format, with most pages appearing to be first impressions. The trial officially began on June 21st, but witnesses were examined from the 16th to 21st, a full list of which appears in the index at the beginning of the document.

    The Haymarket riot caused extensive anti-immigrant hysteria and resulted in the arrest of eight labor leaders, six of whom were either German immigrants or of German descent, within days of the bombing. The trial was presided over by Judge Joseph Gary and ran from June 21st to August 11th, though it is primarily considered a farce today due to the blatant prejudice shown by the judge and jury. Despite a lack of evidence, including any proof that several of the men were even present when the bomb was thrown, they were all found guilty of conspiracy with seven sentenced to death, and one to fifteen years in prison. August Spies, Albert Parsons, George Engel, and Adolph Fischer were executed on November 11, 1887. Louis Lingg committed suicide in his cell the night before the execution, and Samuel Fielden and Michael Schwab's sentences were commuted to life in prison. In 1893 Governor John Atgeld granted clemency to the remaining three men, citing the biased and hysterical nature of those involved in the trial. However, the consequences of the Haymarket Affair reverberated around the world, shaping labor movements and the establishment of International Workers Day.

    Condition: Minor edgewear with some chipping due to brittle edges. Lightly rubbed and soiled. Pencil and ink annotations throughout.

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