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    The Grand Review of the Armies: Twelve Alexander Gardner Albumens. Beginning with the surrender of Gen. Robert E. Lee and his Army of Northern Virginia on April 9, 1865, the Civil War was coming to an end. Two and a half weeks later, on April 26, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston surrendered his Army of Tennessee to Gen. William T. Sherman. On May 10, President Andrew Johnson declared that armed resistance had essentially come to an end. The very same day down in Georgia, Confederate President Jefferson Davis, on the run since early April, was captured. As the conflict was winding down, the armies in the field were making their way back to the nation's capital which was still in mourning from the death of President Lincoln one month earlier. President Johnson felt a change was needed in Washington and ordered a grand military parade through the streets.

    Three armies - the Army of the Potomac, the Army of the Tennessee, and the Army of Georgia - participated in the Grand Review of the Armies on May 23 and 24, 1865, as thousands lined the streets. Prominent Washington photographer, Alexander Gardner, formerly the staff photographer for the Army of the Potomac under Gen. George B. McClellan, documented the procession.

    Each photograph measures 3.75" x 2.75" and is affixed to an Alex Gardner mount to an overall size of 9.25" x 7.75". Each photograph is surrounded by an ornate border, below which is printed: "Memories of the War. Illustrations of the Grand Review. Washington, D.C., May 23 and 24, 1865." Five of the images show the review stand of the president, adorned in patriotic décor, where President Johnson, politicians, and prominent citizens of Washington sat to watch the parade. An additional five images show the soldiers, consisting of cavalry, infantry, and a wagon train, headed up Pennsylvania Avenue (in two of the photographs, the dome of the Capitol Building can be seen at the end of the street). The remaining two images show soldiers on the march and civilians in wagons and on horseback moving down unidentified streets. Despite some very light foxing on some of the mounts (and fingerprints on one), all are in generally fine condition.

    Within a week of the review, the armies of the Republic began to disband and the men began their return home.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    June, 2014
    7th Saturday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 4
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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