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    Description

    CSA Confederate General Richard Gano: Half-Plate Ambrotype and More. Half-plate ambrotype [4" x 5.5"] in half of an embossed paper photographic case with embossed copper mat and preserver. It depicts a half-length, partially-tinted image of General Gano with one hand tucked in his jacket, Napoleon-style, the quatrefoil piping on one sleeve clearly visible. There is a faint horizontal line across his chest, the result of a cracked piece of cover glass, now replaced. The image is clear and otherwise undamaged.

    Richard Montgomery Gano (1830-1913), born in Springdale, Kentucky, spent most of his adult life in Dallas. He was a physician, Protestant minister and Brigadier General in the army of the Confederate States. He resigned his seat in the Texas legislature at the start of the war and elected Captain of the "Grapevine Volunteers", a company of mounted riflemen he had raised. He served with John Hunt Morgan's 2nd Kentucky Cavalry during Morgan's first Kentucky raid in July 1862 as well as the subsequent raid on the Louisville & Nashville Railroad. He led a squadron of cavalry at the Battle of Gallatin, then fought at Perryville and Lexington under Kirby Smith. After Morgan's forces were decimated, he commanded his own brigade under Nathan Bedford Forrest at Chickamauga. After a brief leave of absence, he returned to Bonham, Texas and led a brigade designated the "Gano Guards". They captured Waldron, Arkansas and fought at Fort Smith and Massard Prairie. Gano was wounded in the arm in a skirmish at Moscow, Arkansas. He commanded combined forces (including Stand Watie's Indian cavalry) and distinguished himself at the second Battle of Cabin Creek, being wounded in the process, capturing a large Federal supply train of wagons and mules valued at more than $2 million. After the war, Gano continued his church work in Texas and Kentucky. On the business side, he operated a real estate company, was highly successful as a stockman, breeder and rancher, becoming a millionaire in the process.

    The lot includes an archive of related material. In no particular order, these include a thick folder with newspaper clippings, cemetery and family photographs, biographical information and extensive entries on Gano's war record, reprinting war dispatches and reports, culled from a variety of sources. There are cabinet cards of Gano in later life, Kate Gano of Dallas [daughter] and Philip S. Catchings (with biographical caption indicating he was a plantation owner in Mississippi and signed the Mississippi Ordinance of Secession on July 15, 1861). There are two manuscripts (fairly brittle), one hand-written in an unknown hand and the other typewritten, both in the third person. The hand-written manuscript is missing some pages, but ten pages remain. The typewritten manuscript is numbered through page 183, but is missing pages and totals 107 pages. The first 29 pages deal with his marriage and early history leading up to his relocating to Texas. The balance of the memoir deals primarily with his post-war church activities, although some anecdotes of the Civil War are mixed in. The hand-written manuscript deals mostly with the war. Gano says he took command of Bankhead's Brigade in the Fall of 1863, at Camp Garland on the Red River. Three deserters were executed. The Battle at Roselle, Arkansas resulted in heavy losses. He fought at Poison Springs. He was wounded in the elbow during a gunfight with an Indian [would-be spy] who was trying to pass to the enemy lines. A summary of "Capt. Tom Surray's Statement" relays how Indians would fire upon Negroes hiding amongst the lilies in the creek. Negroes were taken prisoner. They went to capture a large supply train at Ft. Scott, Kansas & succeeded. Some Union troops panicked and cut the mules loose & escaped, riding on mules. They left a heavy iron safe filled with money, fired a round at it, but knocked it over in the process, wedging the door tight. Gano also relates in one manuscript how he & a fellow officer, caught behind enemy lines, conned a contraband Union soldier and persuaded him to ferry them across the river to safety. An exceptional grouping.


    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    December, 2018
    9th Sunday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 4
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 1,752

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