DescriptionVery Rare Stereoview of "Texas, Lipan Indian Chief," ca. 1880-1890. The Lipan formerly ranged from the Rio Grande in New Mexico over western Texas and southeastward as far as the Gulf of Mexico. The position of the Lipan prior to the eighteenth century is somewhat obscure, but during that century and the early part of the nineteenth, they ranged over the region just indicated.
In 1757, the San Saba mission was established for them, but it was broken up by their enemies, the Comanche and Wichita. In 1761-62, the missions of San Lorenzo and Candelaria were organized for the same purpose but met a similar fate in 1767. In 1839, the Lipan sided with the Texans against the Comanche but suffered severely from the Whites between 1845 and 1856, when most of them were driven into Coahuila, Mexico. They remained in Coahuila until October 1903, when the 19 survivors were taken to northwest Chihuahua, and remained there until 1905. In that year they were brought to the United States and placed on the Mescalero Reservation, New Mexico, where they now live. A few Lipan were also incorporated with the Tonkawa and the Kiowa Apache.
This very rare stereoview (etched on glass plate before printing) depicts a Lipan Indian chief standing outside his dwelling with family, he appears to be wearing a peace medal & is also holding a Winchester rifle with saddle ring. Measures approximately 7' x 3.5".
Condition: Fine, good contrast, mount has slight wear on corners.
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