DescriptionNative American Indian "Chief Gall," by D. F. Barry, ca .1890s. Chief Gall was a Hunkpapa chief who played a leading part in the Lakota's long war against the United States. He encouraged his people to accept assimilation once they were confined on reservations. Gall was said to have gained his unusual name when, as a famished orphan, he ate the gall of an animal killed by a neighbor. He rose to prominence among the Lakota as a warrior in Red Cloud's campaigns, but he was unhappy with the 1868 Fort Laramie Treaty that brought an end to those hostilities and he allied himself with Sitting Bull and others who refused to remain within the territory set aside for them. Gall eventually became Sitting Bull's military chief, and led attacks on army troops along the Yellowstone River in 1872 and 1873. At the battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876, he led the Hunkpapa warriors who first drove Major Marcos Reno from the Lakota's encampment and then swept north to join Crazy Horse and his forces in the attack on Custer.
David Frances Barry was born near Rochester, New York in 1854. Around 1870 Barry worked carrying water for an itinerant photographer named O.S. Goff, a relationship that was to be reestablished a few years later. Not much is known of Barry's life from 1870 until Goff hired him in 1878 to help him in his gallery in Bismarck, D.T. Here, Barry learned the finer points of photography and became Goff's apprentice, business partner, and employee. Between 1878 and 1883, Barry traveled to Fort Buford, Fort Yates, and other forts in the Dakota Territory. He went as far north as Fort Assinnaboine in Montana. For these trips he used a portable photographic studio in which he took most of his portraits. He photographed famous Native American chiefs, warriors, scouts, and women including Sitting Bull, Rain in the Face, Gall, and Red Cloud. Barry also photographed some of the most important forts and battlefields of the Plains Wars, military officers including General George A. Crook, soldiers, trappers, and pioneers. In 1883 Barry returned to Bismarck where he operated a studio and gallery. He established a friendship with Buffalo Bill Cody and photographed members of his Wild West Show. In 1890 Barry moved to Superior, Wisconsin and opened a photographic studio and gallery dealing in his Dakota Territory photographs. He moved to New York City for a brief period around 1892 but returned to Superior where he lived until his death on March 6, 1934.
Photograph taken in D. F. Barry's studio in Bismarck, Dakota Territory of the famous Lakota Chief "Gall". He is dressed with leather fringed pants, and coat with large eagle feather in hair and large silver cross around neck. Measures approximately 4.25" x 6.50".
Condition: Very good-fine, mount has wear on edges, light contrast
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