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    William H. Emory. Report on the United States and Mexican Boundary Survey, Made Under the Direction of the Secretary of the Interior. Washington: Cornelius Wendell, 1857-1859. First edition, House of Representatives issue. Three quarto volumes. xvi, 258, viii, 174; 270, 78; 62, 32, 35, 85 pages. Two folding maps (one hand-colored). One full-page map. A folding cross-sectional map of the entire border, showing the rises in elevation. A folding meteorological chart. A total of 346 engravings, thirty-six which are colored (some are chromolithographs, some are hand-colored). Publisher's half bound black leather and tan cloth with gilt titles to spines. Five raised bands on spine. The boards of each volume bow inward slightly. Slight toning and scattered spots of foxing throughout. Folding map in Volume I has a small tear (approximately 1") at the left edge. Pages 61 and 62 in Vol. I, Part II shows some wrinkling with repair to the lower corner. The color map is toned, especially along the edges; a small tear has been archivally repaired on the verso and there is slight separation of the mail horizontal fold. The folding cross-sectional map is toned along the top edge. In Volume II, there is damage to the lower corner of page 267-268, causing full detachment. Pencil notations scattered in Part II of Volume III. Overall the set is in very good condition.

    William Emory took over the United States and Mexican Boundary Survey when his predecessor John Bartlett had been removed. It was hoped that Emory, a military man, would be more conscientious -- Bartlett was let go because his placement of the southern boundary of New Mexico eventually necessitated the Gadsden Purchase. Emory proved an excellent choice. His report is an exhaustive compendium of those new regions recently wrested from Mexico, mostly unsettled and unexplored. He and his team returned with field notes concerning the plant and animal life, the weather, geology, archeological sites, studies of the native people, recommendations for travel routes, and so on. J. Frank Dobie, in Life and Literature of the Southwest, writes that: "Emory's great two-volume Report on the United States and Mexican Boundary Survey, Washington 1857 and 1859, is, aside from descriptions of borderlands and their inhabitants, a veritable encyclopedia, wonderfully illustrated, on western flora and fauna." He considers this to be the "meatiest of a number of meaty government publications."

    Reference: Basic Texas Books 57. Dobie, p. 86. Howes E146. Raines, p. 76. Wagner-Camp 291.

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