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    Union Soldier's Diaries for the Years 1862 and 1864 Written by Francis A. Penny of the 3rd New York Cavalry, Together with a Post-War Painting of Penny. Two diaries, both of the style that gives one page per day, kept by Francis A. Penny. The 1862 diary measures 3" x 5" and has a long inscription on the front end-paper from his father asking that he keep "a strict account of all and each day." Penny has stenciled his name and regiment on the front inside cover. Writing in pencil, Penny carefully records all of his daily activities and assignments, always filling at least half a page per day. Penny has used the memoranda pages at the back of the diary to list his revolver number as well as the dates of all the battles and skirmishes he has participated in: "The number of my revolver is 108953. Of Mr Bingins revolver 109011. / 3) Thursday May 15th 1862. I was engaged at the battle of Trenton N.C. / 4) Friday May 16/62. I was engaged in a skirmish 40 miles from Newbern. / 5) 30 miles from Newbern June 2/62 was engaged in a skirmish. / 6) White Oak River. July 27th 1862 Had a heavy engagement which I was in. We put the Rebs to flight. / 7) Cedar Point. Aug 15/62 skirmish at Cedar Point I was engaged / Gore Stream, N.C. Nov 19. 3d NYC had a skirmish with the rebels, none killed on our side / Near Kinston Dec 12/62 we had another fight to day. York many [illegible] were killed a good many the ground was strewn with rebel dead. A few on our side got wounded and two taken prisoners. / 8) Dec 17th I was in the Battle of Gouldsboro. Shell Bursting over our heads and grape rolling beneath our feet." More detailed entries for each day are included in the diary.

    The 1864 diary is measure 3" x 6" and is written in ink and has excellent Overland Campaign content, with one day per page. Sample entries follow: "[May 7, 1864] Stony Creek RR Station. This morning the Collum moved at 2 o'clock marching very fast. 6 o'clock we captured a Rebel Baggage train. Our Regt on the advance arrived at Stony Creek RR Station here we had an engagement with the enemy. Lieut Magee of NY Regt was killed and many of the men wounded. We drove the enemy. Their loss not known. Burned the RR Bridge Reported that the enemy on our flanks. Their loss not known. [May 8, 1864] Sussex Court-House. This morning burned a County Bridge over Stony Creek. Troops moved from this place. This morning we were attacked at the Petersburg RR Bridge fought all the forenoon drove the enemy. destroyed the RR Bridge. Killed and wounded a great many of the Enemy. a good many of our men wounded. We cut off Beauregard from some destined point. At sundown arrived at Sussecs [sic] CH remained til 12 o'clock there we resumed our march. After the fight to day we sent a flag of truce to collect our wounded and to bury our dead. [May 13, 1864] Chilica [Chillicothe] Station. This morning halted 5 miles from Cheston [?] Station. Resumed out march at daylight. This noon we burned the RR and Depot some 8 miles from Chesterfield marched til 11 o clock when we arrived at Chilia [Chillicothe] Station. [May 14, 1864] Wilson Depot. This morning we destroyed the RR Station at Chilia [Chillicothe] Station captured and burned a train of cars moved from the place at 7 o clock this morning marching all day. arrived at Wellvill Station, destroyed the RR at this place marched on to a place called Black & White on Wilson Depot Arrived about dark at 8 o clock we destroyed the RR at this place. [May 15, 1864] Lawrenceville CH. This morning we burned the Government Buildings at Wilson Depot and destroyed the R.R. left the place at 10 o clock marched till noon halted and fed our horses. Resumed our march again. Arrived at Lawrenceville CH, halted and remained here all night."
    The diaries are offered with a full standing portrait of Penny in uniform, with sword at his side. The portrait is oil on canvas and measures 12" x 30". Undated, but likely circa 1890s. Light soiling to surface, with a few scratches to surface.

    Condition: 1862 diary is written entirely in pencil. Front cover and first two sheets of diary are detached. Backstrip is largely missing. 1864 diary has heavy soiling and dampstaining affecting the first printed pages of the diary, but ceases prior to the beginning of the entries. Heavy wear to cover with chipping at top and bottom of the spine.

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    June, 2016
    12th Sunday
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