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    Slavery - Carlos Francisco de Croix Signed Court Transcript Regarding a Stolen Slave Girl. Legal manuscript titled "Cordova Año 1769 Contra Pedro Balcazar por haverse hurtado una Negra esclava..." (Cordova Year 1769 Against Pedro Balcazar for having stolen a black female slave), 23pp., 8.25" x 12.25", Cordova [Veracruz], circa 1769. A complete and detailed court record signed twice by Viceroy Carlos Francisco de Croix, "de Croix", which tells the story of Pedro Balcazar. According to the transcript, Balcazar was charged with having stolen a black slave girl named Anna Rosario from the hacienda San Nicolas Obispo, where he and his wife lived, by the owner Anna Maria de Soto. He purportedly took the girl to Tierra Caliente, where she was taken into the custody of "el Senor Marquez de Iluapa" and brought to Mexico City. It was determined that Anna Rosario was pregnant, and Balcazar was additionally charged with violating her. Balcazar's defense was simply that the slave was not a virgin at the time of their first intimacy; and that it was she who asked that he take her from the hacienda. Included are various signed testimonies and witness accounts and Balcazar's subsequent sentence of five years imprisonment in Havana by Juan Francisco de Parras Madrazo. A judge at Cordova concurred with the sentence and a copy of the proceedings was sent to the Assessor General in the City of Mexico; upon his concurrence, Balcazar was sent to Havana on Feb. 6, 1770. Carlos Francisco de Croix confirms the sentence as Viceroy of New Spain.

    Viceroy de Croix first arrived in New Spain/Mexico in 1767. It was his primary duty to bring order to the conflicts between the Criollos (Europeans born in New Spain) and the Peninsulares (Europeans born in Iberia/Spain). The first order of business was the expulsion of the Jesuits, and ultimately to reform and strengthen the presidio system on the frontier. In 1776-1777, accompanied by the highly-educated and future Texas historian Father Morfi, the viceroy made a trip through the province of Coahuila and Texas, traveling from the far south to present San Antonio in the north, for the purpose of inspecting and studying the province.

    This manuscript offers interesting insight into the many challenges faced by the Viceroy as he assumed rule over the colony. De Croix is a scarce and desirable signature of early Mexico. The manuscript pages are hand sewn, with rough margins. The first page of text bears the stamp "SELLO TERCERO, UN REAL, ANOS DE MIL SETECIENTOS Y SESENTA Y OCHO, Y SESENTA Y NUEVE". A bit of dampstaining throughout, otherwise near fine. From the Taking of Texas Collection.

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    Auction Dates
    June, 2008
    14th Saturday
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