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    Simón Bolívar Printed Decree as liberator president of the Republic of Colombia. Two printed pages, 8.25" x 12.25", Bojacá [Colombia], December 23, 1828. Simón Bolívar had long dreamed of uniting his new republics (which he had wrested by force from the Kingdom of Spain) by establishing a government modeled after that of the United States. By 1826, however, Gran Colombia's twelve departments were proving more and more difficult to govern.

    In an effort to preserve his dream, he decided a more centralized form of government would be necessary. He used the constitution of Bolivia, which he himself had written and included such provisions as a lifelong presidency, as his guide. A congress was convened in April, 1828, in order to write a new constitution. The convention nearly succeeded in implementing a federal style government that would have greatly reduced Bolívar's political power. Bolívar's supporters withdrew in protest, leaving the congress dead in the water. In response, Bolívar proclaimed himself dictator through the Decree of Dictatorship on August 27,1828, considering it a temporary measure. Following his proclamation, Colombian Secretary of the Interior José Manuel Restrepo released this decree.

    The decree outlines the structure and function of the government as authorized by the August 27, 1828 Decree of Dictatorship containing a total of twenty-two articles. Article one states that the territories of the Republic will remain in the present jurisdictions and will retain their names. However, the government retains the right to combine two or more areas into a single jurisdiction. The rest of the articles outline the appointment of prefects and their authorities of rule, including powers of legislation, command of police, and issuing of prison sentences and fines.

    Light to moderate toning of the upper and right edges. Light spots of foxing along right margin. Small holes along left margin from previous binding.


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    Auction Dates
    October, 2012
    4th-5th Thursday-Friday
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