1836 Map of Texas
Samuel Augustus Mitchell. A New Map of Texas with the
Contiguous American & Mexican States, 1836 by J.
H. Young. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1836.
Brightly-colored engraved map, 16.25" x 13.75". Scale: one inch =
approximately 72 miles. First edition, second issue (with 1836 at
end of title, copyright date 1835 retained), this is the most
popular of the Mitchell maps and one of the earliest printed maps
of Texas, dating from the year of the Texas Revolution. It exhibits
some separations beginning at some folds; tape repairs that exist
on both sides along a tear have browned. The right edge of the map
is slightly uneven and has some chipping.
Texas is depicted divided into the various land grants parceled out by the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas and is smaller than the area claimed by the Republic after independence, with the Nueces River as the southern boundary. All territory north of the western part of the Red River is described as "Santa Fe formerly New Mexico." Three text inserts are entitled "Remarks on Texas," "Land Grants," and "Rivers of Texas" and include statistics and information meant to inspire emigration to the region. For example, "Texas is one of the finest stock countries in the world. Cattle are raised in great abundance, and with but little trouble. Many of the settlers count their herds by hundreds, and great numbers are annually purchased, and driven to New Orleans by drovers, who visit the country for that purpose. The population is estimated at near 45,000 Americans and 4 or 5,000 Mexicans. When the population shall be found to number 50,000, the people will endeavor to obtain a government separate from that of Cohahuila [sic], the establishment of a State legislature at San Felipe, and the right of electing their own representatives to the General Congress at Mexico."
Reference: Streeter 1178A.
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