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    Revolutionary War Minutemen: An Outstanding Collection of Commissions and Documents. Minutemen in the American Revolution were colonial militiamen or armed citizens who agreed to turn out for service at a minute's notice. This is an archive of eight partly-printed documents dating between 1756 and 1772 concerning Thomas Turner (1711-1795), a captain in the Pembroke, Massachusetts militia and his son, Thomas Turner Jr. (1735-1808), also a member of the Pembroke militia. Signatories include four Royal Governors of Massachusetts including William Shirley, Francis Bernard, Thomas Pownall, and Thomas Hutchinson. Two of the documents are countersigned by Andrew Oliver, who later became notorious for his appointment (at Benjamin Franklin's recommendation) stamp agent for Massachusetts in 1764. The elder Turner served as captain of the Pembroke militia during the French and Indian War and likely marched with Amherst in the capture of Montreal in 1760. At the outbreak of the American Revolution, Turner's son, by then also a militia captain, led his men on the Lexington Alarm of April 19, 1795. Turner Jr. also served at First and Second Saratoga. Documents are all mounted to boards with folds, losses and other faults; fair to good condition overall.

    The archive includes four military commissions for the elder Turner:

    Thomas Pownall Partly-printed Document signed, "T Pownall," as Governor Massachusetts, 1 page, 16.25" x 12.75", Boston, April 29, 1760 appointing Turner as an ensign "in the first military company of Foot in the Town of Pembroke whereof Thomas Clap Esq. is Colonel." Countersigned by Andrew Oliver as Provincial Secretary.

    Francis Bernard Three Partly Printed Documents Signed "Fra Bernard," as Governor of Massachusetts. All 1 page, 16.25" x 12.75", signed in Boston. One document (dated February 20, 1762 and countersigned by Andrew Oliver as Provincial Secretary) appoints Turner as a "Lieutenant of the first foot company in Pembroke...." The other two documents appoint Turner as "Captain of the first Military Company of Foot in the Town of Pembroke...." One is dated October 4, 1764, the other, October 7, 1767.

    In addition to his military service, Turner Sr. was also appointed county coroner as noted in the two following documents:

    William Shirley Partly-printed Document Signed, "W Shirley" as Governor of Massachusetts, 2 pages, 8.25" x 12", September 14, 1756, appointing the elder Turner as "Coroner of the County of Plymouth...."

    Francis Bernard Partly-printed Document Signed, "Fra Bernard," as Governor of Massachusetts, 2 pages, 8.25" x 12", Boston, January 28, 1762, appointing Turner once again as "Coroner of the County of Plymouth...."

    Turner's son followed in his father's footsteps and is represented with two commissions:

    Francis Bernard Partly-printed Document signed "Fra Bernard" as Governor of Massachusetts, 2 pages, 8.25" x 12", Boston, October 20, 1767, appointing Turner, Jr. as "Captain of the first Military Company of Foot in the Town of Pembroke..."

    Thomas Hutchinson Partly-printed Document Signed, "T Hutchinson," as Governor of Massachusetts, 1 page, 18.5" x 17", Boston, appointing Turner, Jr. as "Captain of the first Military Company of Foot in the Town of Pembroke..."


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    Auction Dates
    May, 2017
    13th Saturday
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