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    Republic of Texas Marine Corps Button

    Republic of Texas Marine Corps Button, Circa 1840. The formation of a Texas Marine Corps was first suggested one month after the opening of the Texas Revolution, but did not garner serious consideration until Acting Governor James W. Robinson convinced the General Council in January 1836 that one was sorely needed. By December of that year, fifteen articles were accepted laying out the duties of the corps which was under the auspices of the Navy Department of the Republic. The Marines were the security force for the Texas Navy, both onboard the ship and on shore and during combat, they functioned as sharpshooters before boarding and seizing the enemy's vessel.

    The Texas Marine Corps was modeled on the Marine Corps of the United States in almost every way, from the structure of pay to the uniforms, which were discontinued U. S. Marine uniforms changed slightly by the addition of Texas cap insignia and buttons. Excavated on High Island off the coast of Galveston, Texas, this is one such example. A two-piece, convex coat button, circa 1840, with a diameter of 23mm, it was once heavily gold-plated on the front and back, it features a vertical foul anchor on a lined-field surrounded by a ribbon inscribed with the initials "T.M.C." One end of the ribbon has a sleeve with protruding hand holding a saber. The initials are rubbed to the point where they are nearly indecipherable. The backmark is obscured and very difficult to discern, but reads "SCOVILLS & CO,/WATERBURY." Dug and pushed with a missing shank. Misidentified by Albert as a school button, it bears the Albert number SU 387, but is correctly identified by Warren Tice as a Republic of Texas Marine Corps button. This is the rarest of all the Republic of Texas military and naval buttons.

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    Auction Dates
    March, 2013
    1st-2nd Friday-Saturday
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