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    Description

    Photographer's Scrap Album Owned by Philadelphia Photographer Robert Newell.
    Owned and compiled by nineteenth century Philadelphia photographer Robert Newell containing over five hundred images spanning the years 1861 through 1865, with some post-war images to 1881. Newell collected the images (some are Newell originals) and pasted them into a large album. Comprised of photographs, engravings, and illustrations, most of the images are war-dated. Also featured are political figures and caricatures, paintings (political, patriotic, and religious) and sculpture, city- and landscapes, and other miscellaneous. This album originally came out of the Kean Archives of Philadelphia and many of these images were published in the Civil War Times magazine.

    Several portrait images of Federal commanders are found within including Generals George B. McClellan; George G. Meade; Abner Doubleday, with accompanying inscription below, reading: "Who fired the first Gun; with the determination, that Traitors to the Stars & Stripes - must & shall be put down, trodden, if need be into dust." Doubleday fired the first Federal shot in response to the Confederate bombardment during the first engagement of the war (Fort Sumter) in April 1861; Andrew Porter; Joseph Hooker; Ulysses S. Grant, circa 1864; and one unidentified, heavily bearded man. These images are loose, but were once pasted to the pages and the areas where they were contain adhesive ghosting and labels beneath. An additional image, found near the halfway point, measuring 6.25" x 4.5", circa 1862, shows Generals Ambrose Burnside and Robert Anderson sitting on a porch with two unidentified men.

    Newell also collected photographs of Federal soldiers at work and relaxing, each of which is attached with corresponding labels. One of the most striking examples is a 5.5" x 7.25", oval photograph of two members of the 114th Pennsylvania Collis Zouaves. Both men are handsome, in full Zouave dress with knapsacks, hands resting upon the barrels of their rifles. The Collis Zouaves would take part in the Battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg, among others.

    Additional examples include: "View of Alexandria Va 1862," approximately ten Union soldiers are pictured outside of the "Price Birch & Co./Dealers In Slaves" building, several of which are standing at attention with their rifles shouldered; "Fairfax Court House VA 1862," Union soldiers are seen standing outside, and on the roof of, the Fairfax County Courthouse, taken by photographer Timothy O'Sullivan; "Stone Church Centerville VA - 1861/occupied as Hospital 18th July," as indicated by the label, the church was used by the Union army as a hospital during the First Battle of Manassas. On the road leading to the church is seen (in the foreground) a Federal soldier, standing at attention with his musket on his shoulder. An additional five soldiers are further down the road posing by a two-wheeled cart. This photograph was most likely taken by George N. Barnard and James F. Gibson sometime around May 1862; "Duke de Chartres & Friends/Camp Winfield Scott near Yorktown May 3/62," the young French Prince Robert, Duke of Chartres, a captain in the Union army, is seen at left holding a cigar with four other men during the last day of the Siege of Yorktown. The following month (June 1862), he would take part in the Battle of Gaines's Mill, part of the Seven Days' Battles, and would resign his commission less than three weeks later; "Group of Officers McClellan's Staff/May 20th 1862," four officers are seen relaxing in chairs outside of a tent; "Fortifications on the Heights of Centreville," approximately eight soldiers are shown milling around two Quaker guns. Most likely taken by George N. Barnard, the men are Confederates; "Fort Pulaski," two Columbiads are seen on the top of the wall with what appears to be a Union soldier in the foreground; "Camp Cadwalader - Philadelphia 1864," a 13.25" x 4.75", panoramic image of a Union army training camp. The camp is composed of several buildings surrounded by a high fence. In the open ground near the gate, men can be seen in formation.

    There are more than a few naval photographs, showing both Union and Confederate ships. One such unrecorded CDV size view shows the casemate ironclad CSS Atlanta. Once used to attack Union blockade ships, she was run aground and captured during a fight with the USS Weehawken. Following her capture, she was placed "...on exhibition for the Benefit of the Volunteer Refreshment Saloon Tickets 25 cents." Reassigned to the Union North Atlantic Blockading Squadron in 1864, she was used for defense on the James River and to support Union operations against Richmond. Other examples include: a photograph of approximately four Union monitors, place and date is unknown; a view from the deck of the screw frigate USS San Jacinto; the USS Monticello; the bows of two monitor-class ironclads seen head-on with an additional just behind.

    A number of photographs show the destruction in and around the Pennsylvania town of Chambersburg. Before the war, Chambersburg, located in South Pennsylvania near the Maryland border, served as one of the stops on the Underground Railroad. During the war years, the town was invaded by Confederate troops three times. The first raid occurred on October 10, 1862, by General J.E.B. Stuart and 1,800 men during his "second ride around McClellan," resulting in the destruction of railroad property, the theft of arms and horses, and the kidnapping of eight black men and boys. The second took place early in the Gettysburg Campaign (1863) when General Albert Jenkins seized control of the town and set fire to several buildings. Arguably the most destructive was the final raid, carried out in July 1864. Cavalry detached from General Jubal Early's command was ordered to Chambersburg to collect a ransom of $500,000 U.S. or $100,000 in gold. When the town failed to deliver, General John McCausland ordered the town burned, destroying most of the buildings. The photographs of the ruins around Chambersburg were taken after the final raid sometime in the summer of 1864.

    Other images of note include: a small, oval image of three young children, below which is found the following inscription: "Copy of Ambrotype found in the hands of a soldier killed at Gettysburg July 4 1863"; views of Philadelphia's Union Volunteer Refreshment Saloon, a volunteer relief organization which provided sleeping quarters, food, bathing facilities and medical care for soldiers, refugees, and freedmen; President Lincoln and his son; one view of the Philadelphia home of General Ulysses S. Grant draped with American flags "...in mourning for Death of President Lincoln"; views of the Federal capital, circa 1861, including a photograph of the Capitol Building with the second dome under construction, sometime prior to the outbreak of war; locations around the city of Philadelphia; celebrities of the day; et al.

    The album was originally covered in marbled paper over boards, half bound in dark leather. The spine is completely gone exposing the "textblock." The pages themselves are bound together in large groups. On the inside of the rear board is found a period, pencil illustration of what appears to be a "colonial" wearing a tricorne and smoking a pipe. Additional pencil illustrations are also found on the inside front board. Boards are heavily damaged and soiled, the covering being mostly torn away.


    Estimate: $16,000 - up.

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    Auction Dates
    June, 2013
    8th Saturday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 1
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 1,250

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