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    Pamoque Indians - Court Case Against the Indian Domingo de la Cruz charged with living out of wedlock. A manuscript document on sealed paper, 5pp., 8.25" x 12.25", and one page 6.25" x 8.25", "Valle de la puriscima [sic] consepcion [sic] ... en la Provincia del Nuevo Reyno de Leon", dated May 1799, on tall folio sheets stamped "Sello Quarto, un Quartillo..." at top of first page. Joseph Garcia Davila files charges against a "Pame Indian called Domingo de la Cruz" because it has been reported that the woman Domingo lives with and identifies as his wife is not actually married to him. The manuscript details that Garcia Davila went to Domingo's hut out in the woods where he found Domingo with the woman, named Josefa Salome, and several children. All were taken into custody and brought in for questioning. Domingo readily admitted the he was not married to Josefa but that they had sired ten children together. Of the ten children, six had died. Domingo stated that they lived in the Indian Nation; and that he was married to another woman, but had lent her out to another man. Josefa offered the same testimony. Josefa and her children were remanded to a local house and Domingo was promptly jailed and all his property confiscated by the court. Domingo escaped from the jail soon after and was never heard from again. Josefa and her children became wards of the state. Also included is a list of Domingo's possessions that were confiscated; including a horse, two burros, and various household sundries. Initial testimony signed by Joseph Garcia Davila, Jose Miguel Garza (making his mark 'X'), and Josse Ignacio Garzia Davila.

    An interesting manuscript exemplifying the clash of cultures as the Spaniards attempted to impose their moral standards on the native population. The Pamoque Indians were Coahuiltecan-speaking Indians and are associated with the area near the mouth of the Nueces River on Nueces and Corpus Christi bays. According to Handbook of Texas, some of the Pamoque tribe entered San Antonio missions including Nuestra Senora de la Purisima Concepcion; which corresponds with the place of origin of this manuscript. Pages are hand sewn, with toning and light dampstaining. Overall near fine with highly legible holograph. From the Taking of Texas Collection.


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    Auction Dates
    June, 2008
    14th Saturday
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