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    Montgomery Bus Boycott Archive. Comprised of nine letters, magazines, and other documents spanning the years 1955 through 1957. Rosa Parks' refusal to move for a white man on a Montgomery, Alabama, bus on December 1, 1955, set in motion a string of events, spearheaded by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and the Montgomery Improvement Association, which led to a U.S. Supreme Court decision which found Alabama's segregated bus laws unconstitutional.

    Items include: Martin Luther King Jr. Our Struggle. Montgomery: Montgomery Improvement Association, circa 1957. This four page report on the boycott in Montgomery, measuring 8.5" x 11.25", was originally drafted by Bayard Rustin (who sent it to Dr. King for revision) and was featured in the second issue of his journal, Liberation. In his report, Dr. King identifies the black community's economic power, church leadership, and his technique of non-violent resistance as the strength of the civil rights movement. [and:] Car Pool Schedule during Bus Boycott. One printed page, 8.5" x 13.75", [Montgomery], circa 1956. During the bus boycott, the city of Montgomery began to crack down on black taxi drivers, accusing them of assisting the boycotters. In opposition, the MIA, with a fleet of some 300 cars, began their own carpool. Listed on this sheet are four routes used by the drivers, each of which begin at Dexter Avenue Baptist Church, the center of the movement. [and:] Flyer: Walking is a Crime in Alabama! One page, 8.5" x 11", Los Angeles, circa March 1956. Issued by the Florence Fair Employment Practices Committee, the flyer states that "113 Negro leaders . . . have been indicted or arrested for refusing to patronize a privately owned bus line. In spite of terror their boycott remains 100% effective." It asks for financial donations to be made to Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. of the Montgomery Improvement Association, the people write National City Lines and demand that "Jim Crow discrimination on Montgomery lines" cease, and that the people write to Attorney General Herbert Brownell "calling for federal protection of civil rights." [and:] The Negro History Bulletin. Vol. 20, No. 7. April 1957 issue. 22 pages (147-168). Published by The Association for the Study of Negro Life and History, Inc., the magazine's mission was "to inculcate an appreciation of the past of the Negro and to promote an understanding of his present status." Contains Part IV of an article on the history of the bus boycott by Alabama State University history professor Dr. Norman W. Walton, who has signed the page at the upper edge. [and:] Liberation. Vol. 1, No. 10. December 1956 issue. 19 pages. Printed wraps. With an article written by MLK titled "We Are Still Walking" written just one month after the Supreme Court ruled that segregated buses were unconstitutional. Also, an interesting article about the beginnings of the bus boycott by co-founder E.D. Nixon. Liberation was a monthly magazine printed between 1956 and 1977 with an emphasis on issues of civil rights and liberties. Civil rights activist Bayard Rustin served as one of the magazine's editors.

    With: Program for a Mass Meeting. Two pages, 8.5" x 11", Montgomery, circa May 3, 1956. In addition to prayers and hymns, a discussion of transportation was held (the meeting was held during the middle of the bus boycott). [and:] Press Release. One page, 8.5" x 11", Montgomery, January 7, 1957. Following the success of the bus boycott which had officially ended three weeks before, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and the members of MIA expanded their efforts "for integrated transportation in the South." An emergency conference was called for January 10 and 11 in Atlanta and "Negro leaders from troubled areas all over the South . . . [were] expected to attend to share thinking , to discuss common problems, to devise a unified strategy and to plan mutual economic assistance." The conference, which was to take place at Ebenezer Baptist Church, would open with an address from Dr. King on "Dealing with violence directed toward the Negro communities. . . . The role of law in the struggle. . . . A unified strategy in the campaign for integrated buses. . . . Economic sharing. . . . Dedication to non-violence. . . . The relation of registration and voting to all efforts for justice." [and:] Myles Horton Autograph Note Signed. Inscribed on the final page of an eleven page booklet about the bus boycott on April 30, 1957, the "Father of the Civil Rights Movement" writes a short note to Maude Ballou, personal secretary and close friend of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in full: "Greetings to Mrs. Maude Ballou and all the other wonderful people who make us feel good about being fellow Southerners." Myles F. Horton (1905-1990) was the co-founder of the Highlander Folk School which trained many of the leaders of the Civil Rights Movement such as Dr. King, Rosa Parks, Ralph Abernathy, et al. [and:] B.N. Synghal Autograph Postcard to Dr. King. Measuring 5.5" x 3.5", an Indian admirer of Dr. King from Rajasthan, India, sent this postcard during the Montgomery Bus Boycott, in full: "I pray Almighty to grant and bestow upon you and your people success in your mission. It is hoped that segregation will be wiped off after all. May you have the strength to non-violently resist the menace." From the Maude Ballou Civil Rights Papers.

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