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    Montgomery Bus Boycott Archive. Comprised of eight documents (statements, newsletters, flyers, and postcards) spanning the years 1956 through 1960. Rosa Parks' refusal to move for a white man on a Montgomery, Alabama, bus on December 1, 1955, set in motion a string of events, spearheaded by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Montgomery Improvement Association, which led to a U.S. Supreme Court decision which found Alabama's segregated bus laws unconstitutional.

    The majority of the documents contained within date from around late December 1956, the time the boycott was called off. Included are two statements made on behalf of the MIA by its president, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., The first, consisting of one printed page, 8.5" x 11", Montgomery, November 14, 1956, finds Dr. King discussing the judgment of the Supreme Court during the bus boycott. The second, dating from the final day the boycott following the Supreme Court's decision, December 20, 1956, consists of one typed page, 8.5" x 14", Montgomery, December 20, 1956. Dr. King begins by describing the motivation of the movement before commenting on the Court's decision earlier that morning, urging people to take the buses the following day.

    Not everyone was pleased by the boycott as illustrated by a postcard received from California, 5.5" x 3.25", March 11, 1956. Addressed to the "Montgomery Bus Striks [sic] Boycotters Dept.," the author expresses displeasure with those taking part. In full: "Shame on you people putting people of God in jail who works for the good of you people. Did god tell you people to put his people in jail. No no no. you people are a disgrace to the people of USA. you people are a booster for Red Russia. God will take care of you bad people in due time. Shame on you again you people were made the same as the negro . . . all go 6 ft. below down down to hell shame on you people of the south period. Do you people read the Holy BIBLE? No. period shame, shame. again shame on city of mon[tgomery]. Al."

    Even after the decision by the court there were people in Montgomery who could not accept desegregation. On January 28, 1957, a short 4" x 6" note was written to an unknown recipient regarding an incident on a bus: "Georgia Tilmore called, she said that a white woman got on Oak Park Bus this morn and tried to get negroes to sign their names to a petition, however, she would not let anybody read it. She said that it was a petition for whites to have buses for themselves."

    Also included are two MIA newsletters, one of which is the very first: Vol. 1, No. 1. Three pages, 8.5" x 14", Montgomery, June 7, 1956. The inaugural issue with articles on the origins of the boycott, the formation of the MIA and the car pool, subsequent arrests, national support, and the South Carolina case. [and:] Vol. 1, No. 6. Three pages, 8.5" x 14", Montgomery, March 8, 1957. Contains information on recent developments with regard to government, federal down through city (passing of laws, Supreme Court decisions, etc.), bombings around town, including a second bombing attempt on Dr. King's life: "twelve sticks of smouldering [sic] dynamite were found on the porch of Reverend M. L. King, Jr.'s home in time to prevent the second bombing on the MIA president." Also, a proposed "All-White" bus service planned.

    With a Flyer: "Montgomery Buses Are Still Segregated!!!" One printed page, 8.5" x 11", New York, December 5, n. y. [circa 1956]. Held to support the Montgomery Improvement Association and "victims of economic boycotts in other areas of the South." The flyer proclaims that "Bloodshed is threatened to defy the Supreme Court/The protest car pool was destroyed by local court order/50,000 People Walk Again!!!" Headliners included Tallulah Bankhead, Duke Ellington, and Coretta Scott King, wife of Dr. King and a well-known singer in her own right. [and:] Typescript: "Action in Montgomery, Alabama." Seven pages, 8.5" x 11", n. p., n. d. [circa 1960]. An article (probably George Gleason for his book "Successful Social Action)" detailing the non-violent movement by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and the MIA during the bus boycott in Montgomery.


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