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    Melchor Muzquiz: Broadside Decree to Establish Constitutional Legislatures of the Three Newly Formed States. One page, 12" x 17" (width varies), in Spanish, Mexico, February 7, 1824. With heading: "El ciudadano Melchor Muzquiz. Coronel de ejército, Teniente Coronel Mayor de Nacionales de infanteria de esta capital, y Gefe superior politico de su provincia." In part: "Law to establish the constitutional Legislatures of the States, Internal State of the West composed of the Provinces of Sinaloa and Sonora, Internal State of the North, composed of the Provinces of Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Chihuahua, Durango y Nuevo Mexico, and Internal State of the East composed of the Provinces of Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, and Texas." The decree then goes on to delineate the process of elections and governing rule of the newly formed states. The lower half of the left margin has been cut away (not affecting the text) making the width at the bottom 10.5". Light staining and paper loss at the upper edge along the vertical fold.

    According to Streeter, "This law, promulgated on February 4, 1824, by Juan Guzman, combines eight of the nine former Internal Provinces into three new states. Texas, Nuevo Leon, and Coahuila are to form the Internal State of the East, with its capital at Monterrey. Nuevo Leon and Coahuila are each to elect five and Texas one member of the constituent legislature to meet at Monterrey. Possibly as a result of the violent opposition of Nuevo Leon . . . the new state never came into being. Three months later, by the law [Decree No. 45] of May 16, 1824 . . . Nuevo Leon became a separate state and Coahuila and Texas were combined as another."

    Reference: Streeter 701.1.


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    March, 2015
    14th Saturday
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