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    The dictatorial rule of Santa Anna and the subsequent rejection of his authority by Coahuila and Texas

    Marcial Borrego Anti-Santa Anna Broadside. One page, 12" x 16.75", Monclova, June 26, 1834. Following the March 30, 1833, election naming Santa Anna as president and Gomez Farias as vice president, Santa Anna retired to his estate at Manga de Clavo, leaving the powers of the president in the hands of Gomez Farias. He returned to Mexico City to assume the presidency on May 16 of that year, but while he was gone there was an ineffective revolution that which Santa Anna was believed to have inspired.

    On May 27, 1834, Santa Anna was in effect made a dictator by the Centralist Plan of Cuernavaca, which also restored the clergy and army to power. On June 24, 1834, Governor Villaseñor issued two unnumbered decrees of the Permanent Deputation (Kimball's Laws p. 277-279), one critical of the pronunciamientos of those hostile to the federal system of government, and the other calling for an extraordinary session of the state Congress to be held on August 9, 1834. On the same day, a decree (not given in Kimball's Laws but noted in Streeter 810) was issued declaring that Coahuila and Texas would not recognize as official any actions made by Santa Anna made since May 31.

    This Manifiesto, very anti-Santa Anna in tone, gives an account of the coup d'etat by which Santa Anna dissolved the general Congress on May 31. It ends with a previously made announcement that the state would not deem official any actions made by Santa Anna until Congress was restored. In less than a month the Permanent Deputation bowed to the will of the majority and the unnumbered decree of July 23, 1834 (given in Kimball's Laws at page 280), recognized Santa Anna as president and yielded obedience to his executive acts which were proclaimed "in conformity to the constitution and general laws." Housed in a quarter-bound marbled paper and maroon leather case with integral cloth chemise. Titles in gilt on the spine. Smoothed folds. Lightly chipped in places at the edges.

    Reference: Streeter 796 (locates only four copies and OCLC locates three). Eberstadt 162:714.

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    Auction Dates
    March, 2014
    15th Saturday
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