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    Roessler's 1874 Map of the State of Texas

    [Anton R. Roessler]. A. R. Roessler's Latest Map of the State of Texas Exhibiting Mineral-and Agricultural Districts, Post Offices & Mailroutes, Railroads Projected and Finished, Timber, Prairie, Swamp Lands, etc. etc. etc. New York: Edw. Welcke, 1874. 43.5" x 38.75" (sight), matted and framed with the original boards to an overall size of 58" x 60". The map contains illustrations of the Old State Capital Building (destroyed by fire in 1881) and the General Land Office. The hotly disputed Greer County to the east of the Panhandle is still shown as part of Texas. In 1896, the Supreme Court declared the county to be a part of Oklahoma Territory. Part of the Panhandle is identified as "Comanche/Hunting/Range/Treaty 1865"). There is an 11" x 10" inset colored map at the lower left entitled: "Map Showing Agricultural and Varieties of Soils in the State of Texas." To the right of the inset, in three columns, is "Enumeration of the Principal Minerals, Rocks, Soils and Timber Varieties Known to Exist in the State of Texas, Arranged According to Counties."

    Anton R. Roessler was a trained geologist. He worked on the Texas Geological Survey in the 1860s and was involved with the Texas land and Immigration Co. of New York in the 1870s. His maps are the best contemporary records of agricultural and mineral wealth. A good portion of New Mexico is depicted. This map identifies county seats, towns, roads, streams, rivers, mountains, location of Indian tribes in Indian Territory, and public lands, with remarks on topography, notes on treaty cessions, etc. "Longitude west from Washington." Scale an inch = 20 miles. Day, p. 90. Phillips, America, p. 847. Taliaferro 349: "Roessler's maps are the only printed maps that preserve the results of the Shumard survey, the state's first geological and agricultural survey." Three of these rare maps, each in fine condition, were recently sold at auction. One sold by Heritage in the Texas State Historical Association benefit auction in 2006, realized $26,400. Also in 2006, another brought $48,300 at Swann Galleries, and a third sold at Dorothy Sloan Books auction in 2007 for $39,950. Ex. Arader Galleries.

    Condition: Nice color, with tiny bits of paper loss occurring at some folds. Light dampstaining in some areas, mainly at a few folds. Original green cloth over boards with gilt stamped title present.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    March, 2017
    24th Friday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 7
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 1,405

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