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    Description

    Manuscript Map of the Battle of Chancellorsville. On oil cloth, 9.75" x 8.25", undated, but contemporary to the events represented. Caption at bottom reads "Map of the Battle of Chancellorsville fought at Chancellorsville 1st, 2nd, 3d May 1863." Executed in fine detail, capturing the dense foliage, roads, and waterways. The map includes the locations of the Union corps present, plus the locations of the general, main, and flying hospitals, as well as the 1st and 2nd headquarters. Positions shown are of the 1st Corps (Major General John F. Reynolds), 2nd Corps (Major General Darius N. Couch), 3rd Corps (Major General Daniel E. Sickles), 5th Corps (Major General George G. Meade), 11th Corps (Major General Oliver O. Howard), and 12th Corps (Major General Henry W. Slocum).

    Condition: Flattened folds with good color. Uneven margins at top and left.


    More Information:

    After the disastrous defeat at Fredericksburg, the Army of the Potomac, now under the command of Major General Joseph Hooker left the 6th Corps and a division to make a demonstration against the Confederate position at Fredericksburg to cover his movement to Chancellorsville with the rest of the army, crossing the Rappahannock and Rapidan rivers. Confederate General Robert E. Lee responded by dividing his army, leaving a force at Fredericksburg, and taking the rest to confront Hooker at Chancellorsville. Hooker took up defensive positions, and Lee again divided his own army, sending General Stonewall Jackson on a march around the Union's left flank. In the early evening on May 2, members of the 11th Corps in the Army of the Potomac were settling down to eat supper when Jackson's troops burst from the woods, routing them. The Union army counterattacked, and the day ended with both sides disorganized in an area of tangled wilderness. Jackson, riding out with his staff to reconnoiter in preparation for the next day's battle, was shot by his own men. He would die several days later, following amputation of his left arm. Lee's army resumed the offensive on May 3, forcing Hooker's army into a defensive posture near the fords that were their only means of retreat across the rivers. Meanwhile, Lee received word that the Federals had crossed the Rappahannock and were advancing on him from the east. Splitting his army yet again, he met and defeated this new threat near Salem Church.  Considered by many to be Lee's greatest victory, the battle resulted in 14,000 Union casualties and 10,000 Confederate casualties. The loss of Jackson, however, was a critical loss to the Confederate army.                                



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    Auction Dates
    May, 2017
    11th Thursday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 1
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