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    Juan Martin de Veramendi Decree. One page, 7.5" x 11.5" (sight), Monclova, April 16, 1833. First printing. Not in Streeter. By this document, Governor Juan Martín de Veramendi, the father-in-law of Jim Bowie, informs the people that the Congress has decreed that "Citizen José Francisco Madero, is granted the exclusive right to introduce in the Trinity River, Steam, Power, Sail or Row Boats, for a period of eighteen years, if this can be performed at his expense." The decree also states that the privilege would begin on the day the law was published, that there would be no special tax levied against Madero, and that he may transfer the right, all or in part, to anyone as long as that individual was not the subject of a nation at war with Mexico. Madero would lose his exclusive right if he did not navigate the Trinity River within three years from the date of this decree. With rubrics from Veramendi and Santiago del Valle as secretary. This document incorrectly identifies Veramendi as el vice gobernador even though he had succeeded Letona seven months earlier and decrees published since then called him el gobernador. Damage to the upper left corner and waterstaining is evident along the right edge. Adhesive ghosting in the wide blank left margin from repair on small tears using tape. Matted and framed to an overall size of 15.25" x 27".

    The Trinity River flows 423 miles from the confluence of the Elm and West forks in present-day Dallas to the Gulf of Mexico. It is not clear why Madero received this privilege, but it upset many Texians. The War Party cited it as one the reasons to separate Texas from Mexico. The enterprise never came to fruition as Madero died during a cholera epidemic five months later which also claimed the lives of Governor Veramendi and his daughter (Mrs. Jim Bowie) and the Bowie's two infant children.

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    Auction Dates
    March, 2014
    15th Saturday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 2
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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