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    Juan Jose Elguezabal. 1843 Mexican Letter Concerning the Failed Mier Expedition "Black Bean Episode". 4pp., 6" x 8.5", Spanish text, under the letterhead of the Adjutant Inspector of Coahuila y Tejas, Monclova, July 11, 1843, to the commander of the Presidio Company at La Bahia (Goliad), slightly toned, otherwise a quite legible letter in fine condition.

    The letter concerns a request by the commander at Monclova for reimbursement of $150 costs of payment to soldiers who recaptured the Texans who had escaped at Salado. Further, that General Mejia had given the order to recapture the Texans and it is disputed whether the payment should be made, and if it was an unjust claim the claimant should be sent to Matamoros and from that point to command the company at Bahia del Espiritu Santo, Texas.

    After the failed Mier expedition the previous December, prisoners were marched to Matamoros where they were held until ordered to Mexico City. While marching to the capital an escape plan was hatched and on February 11, 1843, at Salado, a successful break was carried out. For seven days the Texans headed towards Texas, but the harsh conditions of the land forced them to surrender singly and in small groups to Mexican troops. In the end only three members of the expedition made good their escape to Texas. The 176 recaptured Texans were returned to Salado. Upon learning of the escape, Antonio López de Santa Anna ordered that those who had fled be executed, but Governor Francisco Mexía of the state of Coahuila refused to obey the order, and the foreign ministers in Mexico were able to get the decree modified. The government then ordered that every tenth man be executed. The seventeen men who were selected for execution in what is known as the Black Bean Incident were blindfolded and shot.

    Little Mexican documentation of the Mier Expedition exists. From The Taking of Texas Collection.

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    June, 2008
    14th Saturday
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