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    Joaquín de Arredondo. 1815 Broadside Concerning Enlistment of Troops and Service in Texas as Punishment for Evasion. One page, 16.5" x 12.25", Spanish text, Monterrey, March 1, 1815, with secretarial signatures of Arredondo and Pedro Simon del Campo, split in the central vertical fold, with additional old fold creases and slight toning; else a handsome document in very good condition.

    Joaquín de Arredondo was born in Barcelona, Spain, in 1768. He entered the Royal Spanish Guards as a cadet in 1787 and was commissioned at the end of the eighteenth century and detailed for service in New Spain. He was made military commandant of the Huasteca and governor of Nuevo Santander in 1811 and was instrumental in suppressing several revolts in that province in 1812 and 1813. He was rewarded by being appointed as commandant of the eastern division of the Provincias Internas in 1813. Arredondo quickly cleared the province of insurgents and after completing his assignment in Texas, he returned to Monterrey. In this decree de Arredondo seeks to raise four squadrons of cavalry through a draft, or conscription. Of particular note is the first article in his decree which reads in part: "penalty for evasion [of the draft] will be destined to 10 years service with the veteran troops of Texas or 8 years with fixed battalion of veterans or 6 months in chains on public works." The decree goes on to list exemptions such as farmers, public employees, business people of various types, sons of alcaldes, nobility, only sons of widows who support their mothers, etc. From the Taking of Texas Collection.

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    Auction Dates
    June, 2008
    14th Saturday
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