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    J. Hervey Beale Civil War Diary. A chaplain with the 1st Pennsylvania Cavalry, Beale recorded the events he experienced during 1863. The 1st Pennsylvania was involved in most of the major engagements of the Gettysburg Campaign, including the main Battle of Gettysburg itself, all of which are recorded in Beale's diary.

    Beale's first entry occurs on February 20 and for the first few months are of a mundane nature, mostly of the weather and the goings-on of the regiment. His account of the Gettysburg Campaign begins with the Battle of Brandy Station, the first battle of the campaign and the largest cavalry engagement to date in North America. On June 9, he says: "Crossed River at 6 am proceeded to Brandy Station and fought J. E. B. [Stuart]."

    Of the Battle of Aldie on June 17, he writes: "Left Manassas at sun rise en Route for Aldie 2 PM Met J. E. B. and had a grand fight. Routed them." Stuart and his cavalry had been riding as a screen to Lee's Army of Northern Virginia when the Union cavalry caught up with them near Aldie, Virginia. The fighting lasted for four hours.

    He arrives with his unit at Gettysburg on July 1 and witnesses the opening of the great battle: "Ball opened at 4 p.m. fight raged terribly till dark...Gen. J[ohn]. F. Reynolds was killed." Of the following day, he notes: "At 6 am Ball opened. At 4pm Battle raged terribly until Dark resulting favorably to our arms. Each side held their formation and slept upon their arms on the field." On July 3, the final day of the battle, Beale writes: "1 pm fell back. 4 p., ball opened and a terrible battle took place. Night closed the victory complete in our favor. A total route [sic] of Lee's army." Of Lee's retreat of the 4th, he says: "All Quiet The enemy...fell back from Gettysburg at 3 a.m."

    Beale also makes references to the Battle of Culpeper Court House on September 13, the first Battle of Auburn on October 13, and the unsuccessful Mine Run Campaign of November 27 through December 2: "met the enemy at New Hope Chapel and brisk fight ensued."

    Heavily worn with toned pages which are dampstained in places; chipped spine.

    From the estate of Houston collector Brent Burg.

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    Auction Dates
    June, 2012
    9th Saturday
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