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    Fantastic Four-Page Indian Wars Letter, from Martin Pung, Co. "D", 3rd Artillery, Fighting Indians, Cascades, Washington Territory, 1858. Measures 8" x 10", written by Martin Pung, and reads, in part: "Mr. Duncan Mc Gregor, West Bush N.Y. Dear Sir, having just returned from campaign against the Indians and being settled for the present in winter quarters at this place I take the opportunity to write you a letter...Since I wrote you last our company left the Cascades W.T. and went down to Southern California to a place called San Diego, where we stayed till July. I liked San Diego on account of the pleasant weather, but it is a very lonely place and sometimes very hot. On the first of July we left San Diego and came back to Washington. We had to march some three or four hundred miles on foot during the dog days. From the Cascades we travelled to the "Dalles" from "The Dalles" to Walla Walla, from this place to Snake River where we built a fortification and called it Fort Taylor in honor of an officer who had been killed in an Indian fight at Snake River. We got ready for fighting I was one of eighteen men who were sent with two cannon (mountain howitzers) our force consisted of about seven hundred men horse foot and Dragoons under Colonel White. We marched several days until we arrived at four lakes, it was here we first met the enemy and here the first battle was fought, of course we whipped the Indians at all points, our cannon loaded with shell and grape canister created disorder in their ranks killed a great many and in a short time they fled in all directions chased by the dragoons who saberd several. The next day we proceeded to the Spokan the Indians being in sight on surrounding hills all the while and keeping up a constant fire. On arriving at the Spokan River we succeeded in capturing one thousand Indian horses and as we could not take them with us they were ordered to be shot, it was a horrible sight to see so many fine animals wounded and dying, it took us three days to kill them all. From spoken we marched to a present settlement called the "Caeur de Lane Mission" where we killed burned and destroyed everything belonging to the Indians many houses and thousands of bushels of wheat and potatoes. I saw here the finest Indians I ever came across tall stout and handsome particularly the squaws. We hung some twenty of the chiefs and leaders, they all died like men. We had very hard times on the march being very short of grub particularly towards the last...On this we had to march twenty five to thirty miles a day...Sometimes we had to sell are clothes for potatoes. But enough of the fighting the present...Give my respects to the family. Respectfully Martin Pung".

    Condition: Very fine, with some separation on the fold measuring about 4.5"

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    Auction Dates
    January, 2009
    23rd-25th Friday-Sunday
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