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    Description

    Texas and Rio Grande Land Grant Certificate. One page, 10.75" x 7.25", New York; June 10, 1836. Partly printed with an engraved map of the company's holdings in the top left corner. Certificate number 172, entitling the bearer "Isaac S. Moe" to "one shares in the Estate and Funds of the Rio Grande and Texas Land Company, transferable only on the Books of the Company." Signed by John Charles Beales as Impresario, Isaac Johnson as Trustee, and Lemuel Sawyer as Secretary. On verso is written "Settled" in pencil. Streeter #1153.

    Condition: Flattened folds and creases. There are small spots of ink and soiling. Light toning and foxing throughout. Slightly uneven left vertical edge, else good.

    On November 11, 1833, the Amos Wright sailed from New York for Texas with fifty-nine men, women, and children, the vanguard of a proposed colony backed by the Rio Grande and Texas Land Company directed by John Beales. From 1830 to 1832 Beales and other contractors had received several colonial grants totaling more than fifty million acres and embracing much of western Texas, eastern New Mexico, and the Rio Grande valley. On May 1 and October 9, 1832, Beales and James Grant had acquired two tracts and obligated themselves to settle 800 families in the region between the Rio Grande and the Nueces; they set up the joint stock company to promote their venture. The first colonists landed at Copano Bay on December 12, 1833, and journeyed in ox wagons to their destination. The site chosen for the colony was on Las Moras Creek, a short distance down the Rio Grande from Presidio del Rio Grande and a few miles up the creek from its confluence with the river. Here, on March 12, 1834, the emigrants (American, English, German, and Spanish American) established their settlement and named it Dolores, in honor of Beales's Mexican wife. Although the colony was in an inhospitable country, semi-arid, and overgrown with dense thickets of mesquite, chaparral, and prickly pear, the settlers cleared the flats along the stream, plowed fields, and experimented with irrigation. They set up a saw and grist mill, built jacals and brush huts and a church, organized a government, and prepared for permanent occupation. But the colony eventually failed because of crop failures and poor prospects. Eventually the settlers moved to the Mexican town of San Fernando or elsewhere.


    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    February, 2020
    22nd-23rd Saturday-Sunday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 5
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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