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    July 1770 Essex Gazette: Report on the Boston Massacre. (Salem, MA) dated July 17, 1770, 10.25" x 16.25". This Colonial American newspaper contains inside page (page 2) LOCAL news coverage of the trial of Captain Preston for his participation in the BOSTON MASSACRE in March, 1770. Thomas Preston (1722-1798) was a British officer, a captain who served in Boston in the Province of Massachusetts Bay. He commanded troops in the Boston Massacre in 1770 and was tried for murder, but he was acquitted. Historians have never settled whether he ordered his men to fire on the colonists. Preston was the mayor of Jamestown. 29th Regiment of Foot, part of the British garrison in Boston under the overall command of Thomas Gage. He was present at the Boston Massacre on 5 March 1770, when British troops fired on colonists of the city, after an aggressive mob had confronted the troops and thrown snowballs, clubs, and rocks at them. Charges were brought against him and other soldiers, but he was acquitted in a trial held in Boston, Massachusetts. Future United States President John Adams was his attorney. It is still unknown whether or not Preston gave the order to fire; many historians believe that he did not. Two of his men, Hugh Montgomery and Matthew Kilroy, were found guilty of manslaughter. They "prayed clergy" to avoid the death sentence. Instead, they were branded on the thumb with a hot iron, the letter "M" for murder. Captain Preston was found not guilty.
    Some triangular paper loss in upper right corner, not affecting the Boston Massacre trial text (which is on page 2).

    This also contains a long detailed front page details of a comet, LEXELL'S COMET, that was seen in the heavens in 1770. Lexell's Comet was a comet discovered by astronomer Charles Messier in June 1770. It is notable for having passed closer to Earth than any other comet in recorded history, approaching to a distance of only 0.015 astronomical units (1,400,000 mi). The comet has not been seen since 1770 and is considered a lost comet.


    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    February, 2021
    27th-28th Saturday-Sunday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 2
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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