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    Establishment of the states of Nuevo Leon, Coahuila, and Texas

    Circular Decree No. 45 of the Sovereign Constituent General Congress, forming the states of Nuevo Leon and Coahuila and Texas. Two pages with integral blank, 5.75" x 7.75", in Spanish, Mexico, May 16, 1824. Headed: Primera Secretaria de Estado, Seccion de Gobierno. Passed May 7, 1824 and ordered circulated by Miguel Dominguez, President of the Supremo Poder Ejecutivo, on May 16, 1824; promulgated the same day by Lucas Alamán, with his rubric. Housed in a chemise and quarter-bound slipcase of red cloth and leather over boards with gilt lettering on the spine. Uneven upper edge. Slight staining to lower corner of page two.

    Although the Federal Constitution of the Republic of Mexico was not adopted until October 4, 1824, the Constitutive Act of the Mexican Confederation containing the general provisions concerning the states of the confederation became effective January 31 of that year. This decree joined the previously separate states of Coahuila and Texas, and provided that when Texas attained sufficient population it should be granted separate statehood. This is one of the fundamental laws relating to Texas and served as a foundation document for Texas independence.

    One of its provisions was that the new state should have a legislature of eleven members, one of whom should be elected in Texas. Erasmo Sequin, who had been the deputy from Texas in the National Congress, now represented the new state of Coahuila and Texas in that congress, together with Ramos Arizpe. The first congress of the new conjoined state, known as the Constituent Congress, met in Saltillo in August 1824. The constitution of Coahuila and Texas was not adopted until March 11, 1827, and the first law passed by the Constitutional Congress of the state became effective July 4, 1827.

    Reference: Streeter 702. Eberstadt 162:10. Coleccion de Ordenes, Vol. III, p. 46. Dublan, Vol. I, No. 403, p. 706.

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