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    Broadside Printing of an Act Opening Galveston as a Free Port. One page, 8.25" x 12.25", Mexico, Oct. 20, 1825. Headed: "El Ciudadano Francisco Molinos Del Campo, Gobernador del Distrito Federal." In part:

    "By the first Secretary of State and by the Dispatch, the following decree has been communicated. Our Excellency, President of the United States of Mexico has directed the following:
    1. The Port of Galveston has been opened provisionally.
    2. A maritime customs house shall be located there.
    3. The government will gather all of the information necessary as quickly as possible to determine the permanent location in which to place said port."

    Signed in type at the conclusion by Luis Lozano as secretary. Printed on verso are official seals and headings that read: "Third Seal two reales years one thousand eight hundred fourteen and fifteen"; indicating that printer has used 'official' stamped paper. Slight foxing at the right edge. Chipping at the lower left corner.

    According to Streeter: "This action of the Federal Congress was perhaps brought about by a communication of Stephen F. Austin to the Congress of Coahuila and Texas dated February 4, 1825 (Austin Papers, Vol. I, Part 2, pp. 1036-1037), strongly advocating the opening of Galveston as a port free of duties. As early as May 2, 1825, the opening of the port was discussed in the Federal Senate (Austin Papers, Vol. I, Part 2, p. 1086) and finally this decree of the Federal Congress became law on October 17. It states very briefly in sections one and two that Galveston is provisionally established as a port and that a custom house will be located there. Section Three states that the government will as soon as possible assemble the necessary data for fixing the permanent location of the port."

    Reference: Streeter 705 (another edition). Eberstadt [162:334] could find no record of this issue in 1963.

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    March, 2014
    15th Saturday
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