DescriptionBroadside Declaring Agustin de Iturbide a Traitor and an Enemy of the State and Printed Currency Issued by Iturbide. Single sheet on a Sello Tercero (on verso) paper, 8.5" x 12", Mexico, April 30, 1824, signed in type at closing by Melchor Muzquiz and Fernando Navarro. Once hailed as a hero and liberator of Mexico from Spanish rule, Iturbide's fortunes took a turn for the worse when he was himself overthrown and sent into exile in 1823. The broadside lists three points: 1) That Iturbide is considered to be "fuera de la Ley" (outside of the law) and is "declarado enemigo publico del Estado" (declared and enemy of the State). 2) Any party cooperating or in any way favoring his return to the Republic of Mexico will be declared to be traitors to the Federation. 3) The same applies to anyone who in any way is protecting or concealing any attempts made by foreign invaders. On poor advice, Iturbide returned to Mexico in July of 1824 only to be arrested upon his arrival and promptly executed by firing squad. Small dampstain not affecting the text at lower left corner, otherwise very good.
Together with Diez Pesos Printed Currency. One page, approximately 6 " x 4 ", Mexico City, 1823. Docketed on verso. Issued under Iturbide's rule as Emperor on January 1, 1823, this was the first currency used in Texas and the first Mexican currency. This uncommon note bears a decorative border and the great seal of Mexico at the upper center. Handwritten serial number: "N. 2039." When Austin's Colony was first settled, these notes were used extensively, as hard coin was virtually unknown in Texas. As noted by Jenkins: "These currency notes are extremely rare." Bright and sharp, this note is in very fine condition. The aforementioned broadside effectively demonetized the currency, and was likely a contributing factor to its scarcity.
Reference: Jenkins: Cat. 188, Item 10.
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