Anti-Secession South Carolina Broadside from 1851. A 9.5" x 14" broadside, titled "Southern Rights and Co-Operation." Lexington [S.C.], October 9, 1851, it contains an appeal to the Voters of the Lexington District to "... elect two deputies to represent this Congressional District in the Southern Congress... Let every voter, opposed to separate secession, attend the polls... In this election, let us look to principles, not men. If we stand firm, and are united, we may yet save the State from the ruin which we believe must inevitably result from separate secession." South Carolina, lead by Senator John C. Calhoun, was in the vanguard of efforts at secession, beginning with the Nullification Crisis of 1833. The status of newly-formed states acquired in the aftermath of the Mexican War further exacerbated the situation, prompting renewed calls for action. Around 1850, many Southern states held conventions to consider their options. Apparently, the one referred to in this broadside was one such event. A group of South Carolinians formed a "Co-Operation Committee" to advance the agenda of remaining in the Union, while asserting "Southern Rights." Despite their prescience in forecasting the dire consequences of secession, that became an actuality when South Carolina became the first Southern state to secede on December 20, 1860. After the Compromise of 1850, things simmered down, only to boil up again with the passage of the Kansas Nebraska Act, Bleeding Kansas, the Dred Scott Decision, and Harper's Ferry.

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    Auction Dates
    June, 2010
    26th Saturday
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