Description[Pedro de Ampudia]. Mexican War Broadside. One printed page, 8" x 12.5", in Spanish, Saltillo [Mexico], August 28, 1846. Pedro de Ampudia (1803-1868), a native of Cuba, served in the Mexican artillery at the Siege of the Alamo and was involved in the Battle of San Jacinto during the Texas Revolution. A career army officer, he continued hostilities against Texas into the 1840s, being briefly named commander in chief of the Army of the North in 1846. He was demoted to a staff position and became critical of commanding General Mariano Arista following the defeat of the northern army at the Battles of Palo Alto and Resace de la Palma in the opening months of the war with the United States. The Mexican army retreated back across the border with General Zachary Taylor and the American army in pursuit.
De Ampudia, again appointed commander in chief of the Army of the North, released this broadside directed to the "...inhabitants of the states of Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, and Tamaulipas..." where he vows to fight the invading army. He says, in part: "For the second time I enter this interesting area of the Mexican territory directing soldiers who anxiously seek combat to teach the haughtiness of the foreign invader a lesson and to liberate you from the ominous slavery to which you would be irremissibly reduced if they were to accomplish their depraved intentions...Because they are afraid of you, they will know the undeniability of the great principle that the people who wish to be free, are."
He stokes the fires of patriotism by comparing their struggle against the United States to that of Spain in the Napoleonic Wars and Mexico's War of Independence: "Remember, compatriots, that the Spanish nation with the seasoned and formidable armies of Napoleon inside capitals and strongholds, made a vigorous effort to triumph at the end of its glorious struggle; and no less should you remember the heroes of our emancipation...[who] struggled for a space of eleven years until they broke the chains that held us to the will of a far off monarchy..."
He concludes with words of encouragement to resist the invaders: "Our brother states make ready for the contest...it is feasible that the leader of the independence and founder of the Republic...Don Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna [recently returned from exile in Cuba] return to the theatre of war at the front...to direct the campaign. This way, then, courage compatriots, and harass the enemy in as many ways as your rights and means allow."
Three weeks later, de Ampudia was defeated at the Battle of Monterrey, lost his command, and was placed in administration. He commanded artillery at the Battle of Buena Vista in 1847 and, following the war, support Benito Juarez during the French Intervention in Mexico. Folds and slight wrinkling of the upper right corner, else fine.
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