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    "Major Anderson Surrenders - South Carolina Is Independent" The Charleston Mercury Extra One Sheet. 12" x 15.75", Charleston, South Carolina; April 14, 1861. A broadside headlined, "The Battle Of Fort Sumter! / End Of The Fight! / Major Anderson Surrenders!" At the bottom of the sheet are two lines in bold, pronouncing, "South Carolina Is Independent!" Within the columned text of the broadside is a detailed recounting of the final hours of the battle at Fort Sumter, beginning with the action of the previous night leading in to that morning, and ending with the terms provided to Major Anderson to affect the surrender. It reads in part:

    "All last night the mortar batteries were throwing shells into the Fort. At an early hour this morning the gun batteries re-opened their fire, which had been suspended during the night. Major Anderson replied about seven o'clock with a vigorous fire. It appeared that he had become convinced that his fire against the Cummings' Point Batteries was ineffectual, for he now devoted his attention almost entirely to Fort Moultrie, the Dahlgren Battery and the Floating Battery. At ten minutes after eight, A.M., a thick smoke was seen issuing from the parapet, and the roof of the southern portion of Fort Sumter barracks was soon in flames. The fire was produced either by a hot shot or a shell. During the progress of the fire, three explosions were produced by the fall of shells into the combustibles of the Fort. At a quarter to one o'clock the flag and flag-staff of the United States was shot away. For some twenty minutes no flag appeared above the fort. Col. L.T. Wigfall, in a small boat, approached it from Morris Island, with a white flag upon his sword. Having entered, he called for Major Anderson, stated that he was an Aid-de-Camp of Gen. Beauregard; that seeing his distress and the impossibility of his holding the post, he claimed, in the name of his Chief, its surrender...Major Anderson then agreed to surrender to General Beauregard, in the name of the Confederate States, and hauled down his flag, which he had again lifted, accompanied by a white flag...No one has been killed or wounded upon our side. A few of the garrison of Fort Sumter were slightly wounded..."

    This is the only known example of the first state printing of this exceedingly rare broadside. The sentence, "The Catawba will take Major Anderson to the fleet..." was originally omitted from the first state printing, but was later included in the second printing, which also corrected the date to be April 13, 1863. Robert Anderson was the commanding officer at Fort Sumter when it was bombarded by Confederate forces led by General Beauregard, a former pupil of his at West Point. He was badly outnumbered and outgunned and finally surrendered the fort on the third day. From the Bret J. Formichi American Civil War Rarities Collection.

    Condition: Flattened folds with toning at the folds. Minor creasing at the corners. Uneven toning and light foxing throughout. There are large areas of dampstaining at the center and along the left edge, and a smaller area of dampstaining at the right edge.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    October, 2019
    26th Saturday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 4
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 1,017

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