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    [José Antonio Mozo]. Broadside Decree Calling for Unity Among the People. One printed page, 12" x 16.75", in Spanish, Puebla [Mexico], July 23, 1836. Reeling from the stunning defeat of its army and capture of the nation's president, Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, by the rebellious Texans three months earlier, Mexico vowed to stand strong in her belief that Texas was far from lost. She refused to recognize the Treaties of Velasco, signed between Santa Anna and the Texas government, citing Santa Anna's status as a prisoner gave him no authority to bargain with the rebels.

    José Antonio Mozo, newly appointed governor of Puebla, playing upon the fears of the people of a full scale invasion from Texas, with help from agents promoting civil unrest inside the country, makes an appeal to the people to stand together "...until we reconquer the state of Texas..." and "...teach our enemies a lesson..."

    The decree reads, in loose translation: "Things have not gone smoothly since we Mexicans won our independence in 1821, mostly because of political infighting. Back in 1829, our independence was also placed in jeopardy, but at that time none of our citizens collaborated with the enemy. We all put aside our differences until the Spanish invaders were expelled. This is what we should have expected when the rebels from Texas took over one of our most fertile states. At first, while our army was beating the rebel colonists, everyone was doing their duty. However, the moment General Santa Anna was taken prisoner, rebel agents cropped up inside the country, and even among its own children. Who are these traitors? Some may have been duped into helping our enemies out of naiveté, but very few consciously chose to join our foreign enemies against us at Guadalajara and Huajuapan. The Montenegros, the Payanes and the Acevedos and other such misguided and immoral people have already got what they deserve, with the terrible scenes from the 'Acordada' Riot in Mexico City playing out once again in Oaxaca. Their terrible example shall surely discourage most people from emulating their behavior, but our independence remains in jeopardy until we reconquer the state of Texas. The Government will mobilize all of its resources against the rebels, but the Government needs your help, fellow citizens: Do your part by burying old grudges: remember we are all Mexicans, and let us be as united as we were in 1821. I make no distinction between residents of this state and others. Integrity will be honored and crime duly punished wherever they are found. Thus, I shall do my duty, and if all of you do likewise, we will teach our enemies a lesson, peace will reign among us and our children will inherit blessings and abundance. My aim is to achieve these goals and do everything for the good of all of you."

    Folds. Uneven edges show light toning in places. Small ½" tear at the bottom edge. Minor staining of the upper left corner and at the intersection of the folds, but not affecting the text. Seven binding holes along the left margin.

    Mexico continued to deny the Republic of Texas independent recognition throughout the remainder of the 1830s and into the middle years of the following decade. It was not until Mexico suffered a second defeat in 1848, this time at the hands of the United States, that Mexico finally relinquished her claims on the lost territory of Texas. This broadside is not located by Streeter.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    March, 2013
    1st-2nd Friday-Saturday
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