Description[George Washington] Broadside Act Regulating Military Establishment, annotated and twice signed by James Wilkinson. Three and one-half pages, 8" x 13", November 3, 1794, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: "Third Congress of the United States: at the Second Session. . . . An ACT for continuing and regulating the military establishment of the United States, and for repealing sundry acts heretofore passed on that subject." This early and important congressional act contains fifteen sections regarding such topics as the artillery, military ranks, the cavalry, officers, soldier pay ("a major general, one hundred and sixty-six dollars . . . Privates, four dollars"), rations, disability payments for the wounded, the soldier's "oath or affirmation", presidential powers ("It shall be lawful for the President of the United States to arm the troops aforesaid . . . as he shall think proper"), and punishments for civilians who aid deserters. This broadside concludes with the printed names of "Go: Washington, President of the United States"; "Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg, Speaker of the House of Representatives"; and "Henry Tazewell, President of the Senate, pro tempore."
Serving as a recently promoted brigadier general on the Ohio frontier, Revolutionary War veteran James Wilkinson annotates (with two signatures) section twelve of this copy of the act (section twelve provides forage amounts for members of the military). His annotation reads, "This section in my construction of it gives six Dollars forage money to Regt. Q[uarter] Msr., but does not provide for those belonging to Battallions. Ja. Wilkinson B[rigadier] G[eneral]: The same section provides the same sum to the pay:masters. Ja Wilkinson B. G." Wilkinson was twice forced to resign during the Revolutionary War (firstly for charges of opposition to General Washington and secondly for charges of corruption). He was also later accused of involvement in other conspiracies, including Aaron Burr's conspiracy to set up a new nation in the . Toned with light foxing and soiling. Some separation along the folds. Fine condition. From the Papers of General Henry Burbeck.
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