Description[American Revolutionary War]. Proclamation Declaring the Cessation of Arms. Exeter, New Hampshire, April 24, 1783. Broadside, 13" x 16", printed at Exeter, April 24, 1783.
Preliminary articles of peace ending the American Revolutionary War were signed in Paris by emissaries of the United States and Great Britain on November 30, 1782. Before the final treaty was ratified, Congress on April 11, 1783 issued a proclamation declaring a cessation of arms against Great Britain. After declaring a cessation of arms, Congress then approved preliminary articles of peace on April 15, 1783. The Treaty of Paris ending the Revolutionary War between the United States and Great Britain was ratified by Congress on January 14, 1784.
After Congress declared cessation of arms against Great Britain, several states printed the proclamation to be circulated among its citizens, including New Hampshire. New Hampshire's Committee on Safety ordered the printing and circulation of the proclamation throughout the state. The proclamation offered here is signed by Meshech Weare (1713-1786), president of the Committee on Safety, and by and possibly printed by Zechariah Fowle.
By the UNITED STATES of America in Congress Assembled.
Declaring the Cessation of Arms, as well by Sea as by Land, agreed upon between the United States of America and His Britannic Majesty; and enjoining the Observance thereof.
WHEREAS Provisional Articles were signed at Paris on the Thirtieth Day of November last, between the Ministers Plenipotentiary of the United States of America for treating of Peace, and the Minister Plenipotentiary of His Britannic Majesty' to be inserted in and to constitute the Treaty of Peace proposed to be concluded between the United States of America and his Britannic Majesty, when Terms of Peace should be agreed upon between their Most Christian and Britannic Majesties: And Whereas Preliminaries for restoring Peace between their Most Christian and Britannic Majesties were signed at Versailles, on the Twentieth Day of January last, by the Ministers of their Most Christian and Britannic Majesties: And Whereas Preliminaries for restoring Peace between the said King of Great Britain and the King of Spain were also signed at Versailles, on the same Twentieth Day of January last.
By which said Preliminary Articles it hath been agreed, That as soon as the same were ratified, Hostilities between the said Kings, their Kingdoms, States and Subjects, should Cease in all Parts of the World; and it was farther agreed, That all Vessels and Effects that might be taken in the Channel and in the North Seas, after the Space of Twelve Days from the Ratification of the said Preliminary Articles, should be restored; that the Term should be One Month from the channel and North Seas as far as the Canary Islands inclusively, whether in the Ocean or the Mediterranean, Two Months from the said Canary Islands as far as the Equinoctial Line or Equator; and lastly, Five Months in all other Parts of the World, without any Exception or more particular description of time or Place: And Whereas it was Declared by the Minister Plenipotentiary of the King of Great Britain, in the Name and by the express Order of the King his Master, on the said Twentieth day of January last, that the said United States of America, their Subjects and their Possessions shall be comprised in the above mentioned Suspension of Arms, at the same Epochs, and in the same manner, as the three Crowns above mentioned, their Subjects and Possessions respectively; upon Condition that on the Part, and in the Name of the United States of America, a similar Declaration shall be Delivered, expressly Declaring their Assent to the said Suspension of Arms, and containing an Assurance of the most perfect Reciprocity on their Part: And Whereas the Ministers Plenipotentiary of these United States, did, on the same Twentieth Day of January, in the Name and by the Authority of the said United States, accept the said Declaration, and declare that the said States should cause all Hostilities to Cease against His Britannic Majesty, his Subjects and his Possessions, at the Terms and Epochs agreed upon between His said Majesty the King of Great-Britain, His Majesty the King of France, and His Majesty the King of Spain, so, and in the same Manner, as had been agreed upon between those Three Crowns, and to produce the same Effects: And Whereas the Ratifications of the said Preliminary Articles between their Most Christian and Britannic Majesties were exchanged by their Ministers on the Third Day of February last, and between His Britannic Majesty and the King of Spain on the Ninth Day of February last: And Whereas it is Our Will and Pleasure that the Cessation of Hostilities between the United States of America and his Britannic Majesty, should be conformable to the Epochs fixed between their Most Christian and Britannic Majesties.
We have thought fit to make known the same to the Citizens of these States and we hereby strictly Charge and Command all our Officers, both by Sea and Land, and others, Subjects of these United States, to Forbear all Acts of Hostility, either by Sea or by Land, against His Britannic Majesty or his Subjects, from and after the respective Times agreed upon between their Most Christian and Britannic Majesties as aforesaid.
And We do further require all Governors and others, the Executive Powers of these United States respectively, to cause this our Proclamation to be made Public, to the end that the same be duly observed within their several Jurisdictions.
DONE in Congress, at Philadelphia, this Eleventh Day of April, in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Eighty-Three, and of our Sovereignty and Independence the Seventh. Attest
Attest, Charles Thomson, Sec'ry
New-Hampshire In Committee of Safety, Exeter, April 24, 1783.
ORDERED, That the foregoing Proclamation be immediately printed and dispersed throughout this State, to the end that the same may be duly observed.
M. Weare President
BY THE ORDER OF THE COMMITTEE.
T. Pearson Deputy Secretary
A scarce broadside; a different copy sold for $24,675 in 2007 citing minor losses down central fold.
Condition: Professionally restored, adding paper to replace text reading "Printed at Exeter" at bottom and the "har" in Charles Thomson's name. The document has three horizontal and one vertical fold, some toning and foxing around the edges, and several spots in the center. Overall, the document is in good condition.
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