DescriptionAutograph Document Signed "Frank M. Canton" alias Joe Horner 1895. Frank M. Canton Document Signed "F. M. Canton" as Marshall. One page 8" x 3" prisoners receipt, Territory of Oklahoma, April 13, 1895, in ink. Frank M. Canton (1849-1927) was born "Joe Horner" In Virginia. After his father and his brother were killed fighting in the Civil War, the remainder of the family moved to Texas where Frank grew up as a cowboy & rode in cattle drives before turning to a life of crime rustling cattle and robbing banks. In 1874 he was in a gunfight with several Buffalo Soldiers (Black soldiers) in a Texas saloon, killing one, wounding another and shooting his way out of town to make his escape. In 1877 he was jailed for robbing a bank, but later escaped, deciding to turn his life around. He quietly left Texas for good on a cattle drive to Nebraska, leaving behind his "Joe Horner" image. From Nebraska he traveled to Wyoming Territory and arrived as "Frank Canton," taking a job with the Wyoming Stock growers Association. He settled near the town of Buffalo, was elected Sheriff there in 1882 and later married. In 1886 he accepted another job with the Stock Growers Association as a "Range Detective" & also served as a deputy U. S. Marshall there. During the famous Johnson County War there between the cattle barons and settlers, Canton sided with his employers and was involved in several gun battles, the worst being the hired gunman Canton led to the KC Ranch where two men were arrested and two were killed in the shootout. Canton left Wyoming and a year later was in Indian Territory as a Deputy U. S. Marshall under "Hanging Judge" Isaac Parker where he gained a reputation as being fearless gunfighter, working alongside such notable lawmen as Heck Thomas, Bill Tilghman and Chris Madsen. November 6. 1896 on the streets of Pawnee, outlaw Bill Dunn challenged Canton and both men drew their guns. Canton shot Dunn in the forehead before Dunn could pull his own trigger. Eyewitnesses say the dying outlaw's trigger finger twitched instinctively for several moments before he died. After breaking up several outlaw gangs, Canton accepted an appointment in 1897 as deputy Marshall in Alaska Territory during the gold rush period, but returned to Oklahoma Territory two years. He served as Deputy Sheriff in Oklahoma till 1907.
This duplicate printed document form Territory of Oklahoma, April 4, 1895. (Reads) I certify that from ____ to April 4 1895 I furnished subsistence, etc. for the following United States prisoners in my charge, viz: Na Mun Ka & Mo Haty as per within account. As there is hardly a place in the country in which I am on duty where food or lodging can be obtained, it is necessary for me to be prepared at all times to furnish those articles myself, and the rates charged in within account are the lowest at which articles can possibly be furnished. (Boldly signed) "F. M. Canton", Deputy United States Marshall.
Condition: Very fine, red ink No. 3 upper right corner, small spindle hole at top left
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