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    A.R. Roessler's Latest Map of the State of Texas (1874) , 45" x 39" lithographed map with original full color and rose outline, affixed to a 48" x 43.5" canvas with 48" x 1" wood bars across the top and bottom. First edition, the large format version; a smaller version was published two years later. Titled at lower right: "A. R. Roessler's Latest Map of the State of Texas Exhibiting Mineral-and Agricultural Districts, Post Offices & Mailroutes, Railroads Projected and Finished, Timber, Prairie, Swamp Lands, etc. etc. etc. Authorities: Official Maps of the U.S. & Texas State General Land-Offices, Surveys & Reconnoissances of the U.S. Coast Survey, the Various Rail Road Surveys, U.S. Mexican Boundary Commission Surveys, U.S. Engineer Dept and Other Authentic Materials. Compiled and Drawn by M. V. Mittendorfer, C.E. 1874." "Printed By Ferd. Mayer 96 & 98 Fulton St. New York." The map contains illustrations of the Old State Capital Building (destroyed by fire in 1881) and the General Land Office. The hotly disputed Greer County to the east of the Panhandle is still shown as part of Texas. In 1896, the Supreme Court declared the county to be a part of Oklahoma Territory. Part of the Panhandle is identified as "Comanche/Hunting/Range/Treaty 1865"). There is an 11" x 10" inset colored map at the lower left entitled: "Map Showing Agricultural and Varieties of Soils in the State of Texas." To the right of the inset, in three columns, is "Enumeration of the Principal Minerals, Rocks, Soils and Timber Varieties Known to Exist in the State of Texas, Arranged According to Counties." Anton R. Roessler was a trained geologist and worked on the Texas Geological Survey in the 1860s and was involved with the Texas land and Immigration Co. of New York in the 1870s. His maps are the best contemporary records of agricultural and mineral wealth. A good portion of New Mexico is depicted. This map identifies county seats, towns, roads, streams, rivers, mountains, location of Indian tribes in Indian Territory, and public lands, with remarks on topography, notes on treaty cessions, etc. "Longitude west from Washington." Scale an inch = 20 miles. Day, p. 90. Phillips, America, p. 847. Taliaferro 349: "Roessler's maps are the only printed maps that preserve the results of the Shumard survey, the state's first geological and agricultural survey." There are numerous creases, cracks, stains, and tears in the map, with small portions missing mostly at folds and perimeter. Three of these rare maps, each in fine condition, were recently sold at auction. One sold by Heritage in the Texas State Historical Association benefit auction in 2006, realized $26,400. Also in 2006, another brought $48,300 at Swann Galleries, and a third sold at Dorothy Sloan Books auction earlier this year, for $39,950. Ex. Dallas Historical Society.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    December, 2007
    1st-3rd Saturday-Monday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 3
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 2,746

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