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    Description

    1839 Republic of Texas Claim For Provisions Appropriated by the Texian Army. One page, 7.75" x 12.5", Harrisburg (now Harris) County, April 19, 1839, on lined paper, in ink. Paper slightly toned with a small area of chipping along the left margin and a few ink smudges, else a bright, legible document in near fine condition.

    It has always been a common practice for armies to forage for food and supplies while waging battle and the Texas army was certainly no exception. Receipts were rarely, if ever, issued for the provisions taken and, likewise, no provision made by the army to recompense the aggrieved. All things considered, this made it exceptionally difficult for a claimant to receive monetary satisfaction for lost property. This, however, did not stop merchant Manuel Marques from seeking satisfaction with the help of a deposition filed on his behalf by Peter E. Bovis and submitted to Justice of the Peace John P. Shea. The document reads in part: "Peter E. Bovis...has been acquainted with Senor Manuel Marques for twelve years intimately...Sr. Marques has borne a high character for probity, honesty and fair dealing. That he has always been deemed a man of honest reputation and worthy of credits in his transactions...He knows that Sr. Marques purchased a quantity of goods and imported [them] into this country in 1835. Deponent has further understood from a number of persons in whose statements he places implicit credit that these goods were taken for the Texian army in 1835. Deponent has resided in Metamoras [sic] for fourteen years and further deposes that in 1835 in the fall of that year that Havana was selling at thirty dollars a barrel; white Havana sugar at two and a half bits per pound, coffee at three bits and a half per pound. Brogans, common were worth twenty bits per pair...that he examined the price of these articles of which a list is filed by Sr. Marques...and thinks the charges are reasonable and fair...Deponent knows that Sr. Marques has always belonged to the federal party in Mexico, that his sentiments have caused him to leave that country, that his political opinions rendered necessary for him to leave Mexico to save his life. Deponent further knows that Marques has always been friendly to Texas and its cause, that Sr. Marques owns land in Texas and that his interest is in this country. Deponent further states that Sr. Marques is to his certain knowledge and has been since the Independence of Texas anxious and it has been the dearest wish of his heart that the Mexican frontiers should join the Texas Republic and together make a common cause." Bovis must have felt that a rather over the top affirmation of Marques's loyalty to the new republic was a strategy that stood a better chance than not for his friend to receive compensation. An important letter with roots in both the Texas revolution and in the fledgling republic that followed. From the Taking of Texas Collection.


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    Auction Dates
    June, 2008
    14th Saturday
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