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    [Thomas H. Ruger]. Archive of Reports from Maryland consisting of fourteen telegrams and one letter. The telegrams are undated, but presumably span the dates October 4 through October 19, 1861. In the first few months of the Civil War, the goal of Maryland's General Assembly was to decided whether to secede with their Southern brethren or remain within the Union. The Assembly retired to Frederick to decide the fate of the state. The members of the Assembly agreed to maintain the neutrality of the state foregoing secession, but denying the Union's wish to move troops across their border. In the end, Federal troops and Baltimore police were dispatched to Frederick on September 17, the day the Assembly was reconvene, with orders to arrest those members with Southern sympathies.

    Each of the telegrams is sent to Thomas H. Ruger, colonel of the 3rd Wisconsin Infantry, stationed in Frederick. The earliest dates from the 4th and orders him to "...send special messenger some dispatches he will receive..." On the 10th he receives a report from Major Gould regarding the arrival of some Wisconsin men: "The Wis Cos crossed over yesterday. and most of my command here they had a small skirmish this morning early. the Wisconsin men acted nobly under fire who did the killed and several wounded of the Rebels Cavalry." Several days later he receives another report of fighting: "We have had a hard skirmish today and defeated the enemy. We have taken a 32 pound gun and several prisiners [sic]. the Wisconsin Men have displayed great valor but I am sorry to say four of them have been killed."

    On the 16th Ruger receives a telegram ordering him to "Hold yourself in readiness to start at a moments notice & await a message from Genl [Nathaniel P.] Banks..." The next day he receives an order to "...go with two hundred (200) men at once to the aid of Col Geary by order of Maj Genl Banks." On the 21st he is ordered to "Leave two companies at Frederick to Genl Hamilton..." Telegrams show some light toning and one has slight dampstaining.

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    Auction Dates
    April, 2013
    11th Thursday
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