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    [Texas Annexation]. Circular to Collectors and Other Officers Of The Customs. Two pages with integral address leaf, 7.75" x 10", "Treasury Department [Washington]," July 29, 1845, to "Collector of the Customs, Bath, Main [sic]." Signed in print by R.J. Walker, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury. Housed in a blue cloth over board chemise with matching quarter-bound slipcase of dark blue cloth and leather with titles in gilt on the spine. Folds and toned edges. Two small binding holes are found in the left margin.

    On February 28, 1845, the U.S. Congress passed a bill authorizing the annexation of the Republic of Texas. The date set for annexation was December 29 of the same year. This circular orders that duties on imports from Texas into the United States must continue being collected until such time as Congress establishes collection districts for the soon-to-be-annexed state. Further, that "although there is now a solemn compact obligatory upon both parties for the admission of Texas as a State of the Union," duties on imports from Texas are to be collected as heretofore. This is said to be in accordance with the precedent established following the signing of the treaty with Spain in 1819, when exports from Florida to New Orleans were subject to duties. A precedent of similar action after the Louisiana Purchase, when Baton Rouge and "other settlements now in possession of Spain" were treated as foreign ports, is also cited.

    Reference: Streeter Texas 1624, locating only his copy.

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    15th Saturday
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